Fourth class (March 4th)

Please note!

There will be no class next week. (It’s Spring Break at UR.) Class will resume on March 18th.


In the fourth class we listened to La Golemo, a song by JoMo, talked more about the accusative case (the -n ending), reviewed some of the homework from chapter 4, introduced some of the grammar coming up in chapter 5, and watched the first half of part 2 of Mazi en Gondolando.

You should now be familiar with:

  • The grammatical ending -e for adverbs

  • The accusative ending -n for marking a direct object, the recipient of an action. For example, in Andreo manĝas pomon, it’s the apple being eaten — not Andreo!

  • “Agreement” between adjectives and their nouns in terms of the endings they take — including -n. Unu ruĝa pomo. Du ruĝaj pomoj. Andreo manĝas ruĝajn pomojn.

  • The correlatives kie (“what place” / “where”) and tie (“that place” / “there”).

  • The correlatives kiel (“in what manner” / “how”) and tiel (“in that manner” / “that way” / “thusly”).

  • The suffixes -et, -eg, and -ul.

  • at least some of the new words in the chapter’s vortolisto.


  1. Read chapter 5 of the text (“Letero”) and solve the ekzercoj and demandoj. I’ll have solutions for you in the next class. If there’s something you don’t understand, ask!

  2. Watch the second part of Mazi en Gondolando (see below) and follow along in the text (see notes from the first class for the handout. Jot down anything you don’t understand in your “Esperanto journal”. (You are keeping a journal, aren’t you? ☺︎)



  • Following up on last week’s presentation of Esperanto events, we talked briefly about events in the US, including the Landa Kongreso (national convention) of Esperanto-USA, our national organization of Esperanto speakers. Each year the convention is held in a different city, offering talks, excursions, music, and sometimes theater or film. Last year’s kongreso was held in Seattle. For 2019 the kongreso travels to Boston.

  • We listened to the song La golemo from the album JoMo Slavumas. The album is in our lending library, and available for borrowing.

  • We watched the first half of part 2 of Mazi en Gondolando, which uses some of the grammar we saw in chapter 4:

  • We looked at two picture dictionaries: the Bildvortaro, a comprehensive tome with thousands of names for machines, plants, vehicles, etc. (and parts of machines/plants/vehicles/etc.), and Mil unuaj vortoj, a children’s picture dictionary. (Both of these are available in our lending library; just ask if you’d like to borrow them.)