Fourth class (Feb 25th)


In the fourth class we reviewed the homework from chapter 4, introduced the grammar coming up in chapter 5, and read the second chapter of Gerda. We also looked at Esperanto aktuell, a bi-lingual magazine (German/Esperanto) from Germany.

You should now be familiar with:

  • The grammatical ending -e for adverbs

  • The accusative ending -n for marking a direct object, the recipient of an action. For example, in Andreo manĝas pomon, it’s the apple being eaten — not Andreo!

  • “Agreement” between adjectives and their nouns in terms of the endings they take — including -n. Unu ruĝa pomo. Du ruĝaj pomoj. Andreo manĝas ruĝajn pomojn.

  • The correlatives kie (“what place” / “where”) and tie (“that place” / “there”).

  • The correlatives kiel (“in what manner” / “how”) and tiel (“in that manner” / “that way” / “thusly”).

  • The suffixes -et, -eg, and -ul.

  • at least some of the new words in the chapter’s vortlisto.


  1. Read chapter 5 of the text (“Letero”) and solve the ekzercoj and demandoj. I’ll have solutions for you in the next class. If there’s something you don’t understand, ask!