Vortaro: Esperanto-Angla-Esperanto

Jen konciza dulingva vortaro kun vortoj kiuj aperas en niaj kursoj por komencantoj. Ĝi estas neniel kompleta. Lernantoj prefere kontrolu ankaŭ vortaron kun difinoj en Esperanto.

A

abak/o abacus
abat/o abbott
abdik/i abdicate, resign
abel/o bee; ~ujo beehive
abi/o fir
abism/o abyss, chasm
abol(ici)/i abolish
abomen/i abhor, loathe; ~aĵo abomination; ~inda abominable
abon/i subscribe (periodicals); ~o subscription
abort/i abort
abrikot/o apricot
abrupt/a abrupt
absces/o abcess
absolut/a absolute; ~e absolutely
absolv/i absolve; ~o absolution
abstrakt/a abstract
abstin/i abstain
absurd/a absurd
abund/a abundant
acid/a acidic, sour; ~o acid; dolĉ~a bittersweet
acer/o maple
(suffix den. disparagement); ~a no good, lousy, wretched
aĉet/i buy; ~(aĵ)o purchase; el~i redeem, ransom; sub~i bribe
ad (suffix. den. continuation); ~e continually
adapt/i adapt [tr]
adept/o a follower, adept
adiaŭ farewell; ~i bid farewell
adici/i [tr] add (arithmetic)
adjektiv/o adjective
administr/i manage, administer
admir/i admire; ~inda admirable
admon/i admonish
adopt/i adopt
ador/i adore, worship
adres/o address; ~aro address list
adult/i commit adultery
adverb/o adverb
advokat/o lawyer
aer/o air; ~umi air out, ventilate; ~vojo airway
afabl/a affable, kind, good-natured; ~eco kindness
afer/o matter, thing, affair, business deal; ~isto businessman
afiks/o affix (gramm.)
Afgan/o Afghan; ~ujo Afghanistan
afiŝ/o poster, online message; ~i to post a message
aflikt/i afflict
afrank/i prepay (letter or package), apply stamp(s)
Afrik/o Africa
ag/i take action; ~(ad)o action, activity; ~ema active; re~i react
agarik/o agaric (a type of mushroom)
agend/o agenda (appointment book)
agent/o agent
agit/i agitate, stir up
agl/o eagle
agnosk/i acknowledge, recognize (approve)
agord/i tune [tr]
agrabl/a pleasant
aĝ/o age; pli~a older, elder; plen~a grown-up; grand~a elderly
aidos/o AIDS
aj! ouch! (pain)
ajl/o garlic
ajn -ever; iam ~ whenever
(suffix den. concrete thing); ~o a thing, substance
aĥ! oh!, ow! (dismay)
akademi/o academy
akapar/i monopolize, corner (econ.)
akcel/i accelerate [tr], promote; ~ilo accelerator
akcent/o accent (stress)
akcept/i accept, receive (guests)
akci/o share (in company)
akcident/o accident; ~i have an accident
akcipitr/o hawk
akĉent/o accent (pronunciation)
akir/i acquire, get; ~ebla obtainable
akn/o pimple, blemish
akomod/i acccomodate [tr]
akompan/i accompany; ~(aĵ)o accompaniment
akord/o chord, agreement
akr/a sharp; ~igi sharpen; ~atona sharp-toned, shrill
akrobat/o acrobat
aks/o axis, axle
aksel/o armpit
aktiv/a active; ~o assets (econ.)
akt/o act (law)
aktor/o actor; ~i act
aktual/a current, topical, present day
akupunktur/o acupuncture
akurat/a punctual, on time
akustik/o acoustics
akuzativ/o accusative (case)
akuŝ/i labor (giving birth); ~ist’ino midwife
akuz/i accuse; ~o accusation
akv/o water; ~umi water, irrigate; ~ero drop of water; fal~o, ~falo waterfall
akvari/o aquarium
al to(wards); ~doni add; ~iĝi join; ~iĝ’ilo signup form; ~logi attract; ~meti attach, put onto; ~proksim’igi bring close together; ~prunti lend; ~porti bring, fetch; ~ter’iĝi land; ~trudi impose upon, force; ~ŝuti upload; ~veni arrive; ~voki summon
alarm/o alarm
Alban/o Albanian; ~ujo Albania
album/o album
alfabet/o alphabet
algebr/o algebra
alg/o seaweed, algae
ali/a (an)other; ~e otherwise; ~landa foreign
alkohol/o alcohol; ~aĵo alcoholic drink, liquor
almenaŭ at least
almoz/o alms; ~i, ~peti beg; ~ulo beggar
alt/a high, tall
altern/i [intr] alternate
alud/i refer to, allude
alumet/o match (for fire)
alumini/o aluminum
am/i love
amar/a bitter
amas/o heap, pile, mass (large quantity)
amator/o amateur, enthusiast
ambasad/o embassy
ambasador/o ambassador
ambaŭ both
ambulanc/o ambulance
Amerik/o America (continent)
amik/o friend; ~eco friendship; mal~o enemy
amor/o sexual love; ~i make love
ampleks/o extent, range; ~a extensive; ~i comprise, cover (deal with)
ampol/o bulb (electric)
amuz/i amuse, entertain; ~a funny; ~o fun; ~iĝi enjoy oneself
an suffix den. membership in a group; ~o member; ~iĝi join; vilaĝ~o villager; krist~o Christian
analiz/i analyze
ananas/o pineapple
anas/o duck
anekdot/o anecdote
angil/o eel
angl/o Englishman; ~ujo England
angul/o angle, corner
anĝel/o angel
anim/o soul
animal/o animal (not vegetable)
ankaŭ also, too
ankoraŭ yet, still (up to now); ~ ne not yet
anonc/i announce, give notice of; ~o announcement
anser/o goose
anstataŭ instead of; ~i replace (be a replacement for); ~igi replace (find a replacement for)
Antarkt/o Antarctic
antaŭ before, in front of; ~ du jaroj two years ago; ~en forwards; ~o front; mal~ behind; ~ ne’longe not long ago, recently; ~vidi forsee
antikv/a antique, ancient
antologi/o anthology
anus/o anus
aparat/o apparatus, equipment, set (radio, TV)
apart/a separate, particular
apartament/o apartment
aparten/i belong
apenaŭ barely, hardly, scarcely
aper/i appear
apetit/o appetite
aplaŭd/i applaud, clap
aplik/i apply [tr]
apog/i lean, support [tr]
apokalips/o apocalypse
apopleksi/o stroke (of brain)
apostol/o apostle
april/o April
aprob/i approve
apud beside, close to
ar (suffix denoting group); ~o group, set
arab/o arab; ~ujo Arabia
arane/o spider; ~aĵo spider web
aranĝ/i arrange
arb/o tree; ~aro forest, the woods
arbitr/a arbitrary
arbust/o bush
ard/i to be red hot, glow, burn
arest/i arrest
Argentin/o Argentina; ~ano Argentinian
argil/o clay
argument/o argument (reasoning); ~i maintain, argue
arĝent/o silver
aritmetik/o arithmetic
ark/o arch
Arkt/o Arctic
arm/i arm (equip with weapon); ~ilo weapon
arme/o army
arteri/o artery
artik/o joint
artikol/o article (in magazine, etc.)
artiŝok/o artichoke
art/o art; bel~a fine art
asekur/i insure; ~o insurance
asert/i state (assert)
asfalt/o asphalt
asist/i assist (in official capacity)
asoci/o association; ~i associate
aspekt/i look (seem); ~o appearance
atak/i attack
atenc/i assault; violate
atend/i await
atent/a attentive; ~i pay attention
atest/i certify, testify, bear witness; ~anto a witness
ating/i achieve; reach, attain
Atlantik/o Atlantic
atlet/o athlete
atom/o atom
or; ~ … ~ … either … or …
aŭdac/a audacious, daring; ~i dare
aŭd/i hear
aŭgust/o August
aŭskult/i listen to
aŭstr/o Austrian
Aŭstrali/o Australia
aŭt(omobil)/o car, automobile; ~isto motorist; ~ejo garage; ~vojo motorway
aŭtobus/o bus
aŭtomat/o automat, automaton; ~a automatic
aŭtor/o author
aŭtoritat/o authority
aŭtun/o autumn
av/o grandfather; ~ino grandmother; ~ĉjo grampa; ~injo grandma
avangard/o avant-garde
avantaĝ/o advantage
avar/a miserly; mal~a generous; ~ulo a miser
aven/o oats; ~kaĉo porridge, oatmeal
aventur/o adventure
avenu/o avenue
avert/i warn
aviad/o aviation; ~ilo aircraft
avid/a eager, greedy
aviz/o notification, advice; ~i notify
azen/o ass (donkey)
Azi/o Asia

B

babil/i chat
baf! (exclamation)
bagatel/o trifle (unimportant thing)
baki [tr] bake; ~ujo oven
bakteri/o bacterium
bal/o ball (dance)
bala/i sweep; ~ilo broom
balanc/i [tr] swing, rock
balbut/i stutter, stammer
baldaŭ soon
balen/o whale
balet/o ballet
balon/o balloon
balot/i elect (political)
balzam/o balm
bambu/o bamboo
ban/i [tr] bathe; ~ejo bathroom; ~kuvo bathtub
banan/o banana
band/o band (group)
bandaĝ/o, ~i bandage
bank/o bank (financal)
banked/o banquet
bant/o bow (of ribbon, etc.); bow-tie
bapt/i baptize
barakt/i struggle
bar/i bar, block; ~aĵo dam; ~ilo barrier
Barat/o India
barb/o beard
barbir/o barber
barel/o barrel
bark/o sailing craft
bas/o bass (voice, instrument)
baston/o stick
bat/i beat, strike
batal/i, ~o fight, battle
bateri/o battery
baz/o base, basis; ~i [tr] base; ~a basic
bazar/o market (bazaar)
be! (exclamation)
beb/o baby
bedaŭr/i regret, be sorry about; ~inde unfortunately
bek/o beak; ~i peck; ~fluto recorder (flute)
bel/a beautiful, handsome, lovely
Belarus/o a Belarussian
Belg/o A Belgian
ben/i bless; mal~i curse
bend/o tape, band
benk/o bench
benzin/o gasoline, petrol
ber/o berry
best/o animal; ~ĝardeno zoo
beton/o concrete
betul/o birch (tree)
bezon/i, ~o need, require
bibli/o Bible
bibliotek/o library
bicikl/o bicycle
bid/o bead
bien/o farm, estate, property (land); ~isto farmer
bier/o beer
bifstek/o steak
bild/o image, picture
bilet/o note (monetary); ticket
bind/i bind (books)
biograf/o biographer
biografi/o biography
bird/o bird
Birm/o Burma (Myanmar)
bis! (exclamation) once more!, again!
bizar/a bizarre
blag/i fib; “pull one’s leg”
blank/a blank; white
blasfem/i blaspheme, swear (use offensive language)
blek/i cry (of animals)
blind/a blind
blok/o, ~i block
blond/a blond; ~ulo blond (person)
blov/i blow
blu/a blue
bluz/o blouse
bo prefix for in-law relation; ~filo son-in-law; ~patr’ino mother-in-law; ~parencoj in-laws
boat/o boat
boj/i bark (dog)
bol/i [intr] boil; ~ig’ilo kettle
Bolivi/o Bolivia
bombon/o candy, bonbon
bon/a good; ~e well; mal~a bad; evil; ~ŝanca lucky; ~vena, ~igi welcome; ~venon! welcome!
bor/i bore, drill; ~ilo drill (tool)
bord/o bank (shore)
bors/o stock-exchange
Bosn/o Bosnian; ~ujo Bosnia
botel/o bottle
bot/o boot
bov/o ox, cow; ~id’aĵo veal
bovl/o bowl
bracelet/o bracelet
brak/o arm (body part); ~umi, ~o hug; ~horloĝo watch (wristwatch); ~seĝo armchair
branĉ/o branch (of tree, etc.)
brand/o schnapps, spirits
brasik/o cabbage
brav/a gallant, valiant; ~e! bravo! well done!
Brazil/o Brazil
bred/i [tr] breed, raise
brems/o brake (device); ~i brake (action)
bret/o shelf
brid/o, ~i bridle, restraint
briĝ/o bridge (game)
brik/o brick
bril/a brilliant; ~i [intr] shine
brit/o Britain (person); ~ujo Britain (country)
brod/i embroider; ~aĵo embroidery
brokant/i deal in second-hand goods; ~a second-hand
brokol/o broccoli
bronz/o bronze
bros/o, ~i brush
broŝur/o brochure, pamphlet
brov/o (eye)brow
brul/i [intr] burn
brun/a brown
bru/o noise
Brusel/o Brussels (Belgian capital)
brust/o chest, breast
brutal/o bully, thug; ~a brutal
bub/o brat, urchin
buĉ/i slaughter, butcher
bud/o booth, stand (stall)
buĝet/o budget
buked/o bouquet
bukl/o, ~i curl (hair)
bulb/o bulb (of plant)
bulgaro Bulgarian; ~ujo Bulgaria
bulk/o roll (bread)
bul/o lump, ball, clod, chunk
bulten/o bulletin
bunt/a colorful
burĝ/o bourgeois
burĝon/o bud
burlesk/a burlesque
bus/o bus
buŝ/o mouth
buter/o butter
butik/o store (shop); ~umi go shopping
buton/o button

C

ced/i yield
cel/i aim; ~o goal, purpose
cent hundred
centimetr/o centimeter
centr/a central
centrifug/a centrifugal
centr/o center
cenzur/i, ~o censor
cep/o onion
cerb/o brain; ~umi rack one’s brains
ceremoni/o ceremony
cert/a certain, sure
cerv/o deer
ceter/a remaining; ~o remainder, rest; ~e besides, moreover
cifer/o digit (number), figure; ~eca digital
cigared/o cigarette
cigar/o cigar
cign/o swan
cikatr/o scar
cikl/o cycle; motor~ motorcycle
cindr/o ash, cinder
cirkl/o circle
cirkonstanc/o circumstance
cirkuler/o circular (letter)
cirkul/i [intr] circulate
cirkvit/o circuit
cir/o shoe polish
cit/i quote, cite; ~aĵo quote, citation; ~ilo quotation mark
citron/o lemon
civil/a civil
civiliz/i civilize
civit/o city(-state); ~a civic; ~ano citizen
col/o inch (unit of measure)

Ĉ

ĉagren/i, ~o distress, annoy
ĉambr/o room
ĉapel/o hat
ĉapitr/o chapter
ĉap/o cap
ĉar because, since
ĉar/o cart, trolley, chariot; ~eto hand-cart; ~umo wheelbarrow; krom~o sidecar
ĉarm/a charming; ~o, ~i charm
ĉas/i, ~o hunt, chase
ĉe at; by; next to; with; ~esti be present, attend
ĉef/o chief, leader; ~a chief, main; ~urbo capital (city); ~ministro prime-minister
ĉeĥ/o Czech (person); ~ujo Czech Republic
ĉek/o check (bank order)
ĉel/o cell
ĉemiz/o shirt
ĉen/o chain; ~ero link (in chain)
ĉeriz/o cherry
ĉerk/o coffin
ĉerp/i draw (extract); el~ita exhausted; out of print
ĉes/i [intr] stop; ~igi [tr] stop (cease)
ĉeval/o horse
ĉi used with ti- words to denote nearness; ~ tiu this (one); ~ tie here;
ĉiam always
ĉie everywhere
ĉiel/o sky, heaven
ĉies everybody’s, everyone’s
ĉif/i crease, crumple
ĉifon/o rag
ĉili/o Chile
ĉimpanz/o chimpanzee
ĉin/o Chinese (person); ~ujo China
ĉio everything
ĉirkaŭ around; ~i surround; ~aĵo surroundings
ĉiu each, every; each one, everyone; ~j all; everyone; ~tage daily
ĉokolad/o chocolate
ĉu if (whether); (also used for forming yes/no questions)

D

da of (quantity)
damn/i damn
dan/o a Dane; ~ujo Denmark
danc/i, ~o dance
danĝer/o danger
dank/i thank; ~o thanks; ~on! thank you!; ~a grateful; ~e al, dank’ al thanks to
dat/o date (time); ~re’veno anniversary
daŭr/i [intr] continue, last (endure); ~igi [tr] continue; ~o duration; ~a lasting, permanent
de of; from; since; by; ek ~ since; from; ~ sur off of; ~nove again; ~pendi (de) depend; ~teni restrain
debet/o debit
dec/a fitting, proper, seemly; ~i be fitting
decembr/o December
decid/i decide
dediĉ/i dedicate, devote
defend/i defend
defi/i, ~o challenge
degel/i thaw
deĵor/i be on duty
dek ten; ~jar’(aĝ)a ten years old
deklar/i declare
dekliv/o hill (slope)
dekstr/a right (side)
deleg/i delegate
delikat/a delicate, dainty
delikt/o (law) misdemeanor, offense
delir/i be delirious; ~o delirium; pri~i interrogate; query
demand/i ask (a question); ~o question
dens/a dense, thick
dent/o tooth; ~isto dentist
denunc/i denounce
depon/i deposit; ~ejo depot
des so much the; ~ pli bone all the better
desegn/i draw, design; ~aĵo design, drawing
desert/o dessert
destin/i assign
detal/o detail
detektiv/o detective
determin/i determine
detru/i destroy
dev/i have to, must, be obliged to; ~o duty, obligation; ~us ought, should; ~igi force, compel; ~iga compulsory
dezert/o desert
dezir/i, ~o wish, desire
di/o god; ~a divine; ~servo service (religious)
diabl/o devil; ~e! damn!
dialekt/o dialect
dialog/o dialogue, conversation; ~i converse
diet/o diet
difekt/i damage, [tr] spoil
diferenc/i differ; ~o difference; ~igi differentiate
difin/i define
digest/i digest
dika thick, stout, fat; ~fingro thumb
dikt/i dictate
diletant/o dilettante
diligent/a diligent
dimanĉ/o Sunday
dimensi/o dimension
diplom/o diploma
direkt/o direction
direktor/o director, manager
dir/i say, tell; oni~o rumor; antaŭ~i predict; kontraŭ~i contradict, raise an objection
dis prefix denoting separation, dispersal; ~a separate, scattered; ~igi [tr] separate; ne~ig’ebla inseparable, indivisible; ~doni distribute
disk/o disc, record (album)
diskut/i discuss
dispon/i available (have available)
disput/i argue (dispute); ~o argument
distanc/o distance (interval)
disting/i distinguish
distr/i divert; distract; entertain; ~aĵo an amusement, entertainment; ~a vespero social (event)
diven/i, ~o guess
divers/a(j) different, various; ~eco variety
divid/i [tr] divide, share
do so, then (therefore)
dogan/o customs
doktor/o doctor (academic title)
dokument/o document
dolar/o dollar
dolĉ/a sweet; ~aĵoj candy, sweets
dolori hurt, be painful to; ~o pain; ~igi hurt, cause hurt to
dom/o house
domaĝ/o a pity; ~i begrudge, not want to spoil; ~e (it’s a) pity
donac/i give (give a present), donate; ~o gift, donation
don/i give; al~i add; dis~i dispense, distribute, deal; el~i publish; trans~i hand over; transfer
dorlot/i pamper
dorm/i, ~o sleep; ~(o)ĉambro bedroom
dorn/o thorn
dors/o back
dosier/o file (records)
dot/o dowry; ~i endow
dram/o drama
drat/o wire
dres/i train (train an animal)
drink/i drink (consume alcohol)
drog/o drug
dron/i [intr] drown
du two; ~a second (2nd); ~foje twice (two times); ~ono half; ~obla double
dub/i, ~o doubt; ~inda dubious
dum during, while
dung/i employ, hire
duŝ/o shower (bath); ~i sin take a shower; ~ilo shower (fixture)

E

eben/a flat, even (level)
ebl/a possible; ~e maybe, possibly, perhaps; ~(ec)o possibility; kiel ~e plej bona as good as possible
ebri/a drunk (intoxicated)
ec (suffix den. abstract quality); -ness, -ity; pur~o purity
(adv.) even
eduk/i educate, bring up; ~ado education
edz/o husband; ~ino wife; ~(in)iĝi, ge~iĝi get married
efektiv/a actual; ~e actually; in fact
efekt/o effect (impression); ~a showy
efik/o effect (result)
egal/a equal
egipto Egyptian (person); ~ujo Egypt
ego/o ego; ~isma selfish; ~isto egotist
eĥ/o echo
ek prefix den. beginning of action or sudden, momentary action; ~vidi glimpse; ~iri start out; ~flugi take off; ~krii exclaim; ~de since
ekip/i equip; ~aĵo equipment
eklezi/o church (organization)
ekologi/o ecology
ekonomi/o economy
ekran/o screen
eks prefix den. ex-, former; ~igi expel (from office); ~iĝi resign; ~edz(in)iĝi get divorced
ekscit/i excite
ekskurs/o excursion, trip
eksped/i dispatch, send off
eksplod/i [intr] explode
ekspluat/i exploit
ekspozici/o exhibition
ekster (prep.) outside, besides; ~a exterior, external; ~e outside of; ~lando abroad
ekstrem/a extreme
ekvator/o equator
ekvilibr/o balance, equilibrium
ekzamen/i examine; ~o exam
ekzekut/i execute (a prisoner)
ekzempl/o example; ~e for example
ekzempler/o copy (of book, etc.)
ekzerc/i [tr] exercise; ~iĝi, ~i sin practice
ekzist/i exist
el (prep.) out of; ~cento percent; ~dono edition; ~sendo broadcast; ~iri exit; ~ĉerpi exhaust, use up; ~lit’iĝi get out of bed; ~spezi spend; ~ŝuti download
elast/a elastic
elefant/o elephant
elegant/a elegant
elekt/i choose, elect, pick; ~o choice
elektr/o electricity; ~a electric(al)
elektronik/o electronics
element/o element
elokvent/a eloquent
em (suffix den. inclination); parol~a talkative; ~a inclined to, tending to, disposed to; ~i be inclined to; ~o inclination
emajl/o enamel
embaras/o embarrassment; difficulty; ~i embarrass; put in a difficult position
emerit/o retiree; ~a retired
emfaz/o emphasis; ~i emphasize
eminent/a distinguished, eminent
emoci/o emotion
en (prep.) in(side of), at; ~igi insert; ~gluti swallow; ~havi contain; ~iri enter; ~konduki introduce (thing); ~spezo income; ~volvi wrap
en into
energi/o energy
enigm/o enigma, puzzle
enket/o investigation, inquiry
entrepren/i undertake
entuziasm/o enthusiasm; ~a enthusiasmic
enu/i feel bored, be fed up
envi/i envy
epidemi/o epidemic
epok/o epoch, age
er (suffix den. element, particle); neĝ~o snowflake; sabl~o grain of sand; pan~o crumb; ~o item
era/o era
erar/i be mistaken; ~o error, mistake; sen~a correct
erinac/o hedgehog
erupci/o eruption; ~i erupt
escept/i exclude, exempt
esenc/o essence; ~a essential
eskap/i escape
esper/i, ~o hope
esplor/i investigate; explore; ~(ad)o research; exploration
esprim/i express; ~o expression
est/i to be; ~ont’eco the future; ~as domaĝe, ke… it’s a pity that…
establ/i establish
estim/i, ~o esteem
esting/i extinguish
estono Estonian; ~ujo Estonia
estr/o leader, head; urb~o mayor; ~aro board, leadership
et (diminutive suffix); ~a small, tiny; dorm~i nap; libr~o booklet; ~burĝo peti bourgeois
etaĝ/o story of building
etap/o stage (a stop)
etend/i [tr] extend
etern/a eternal
etiked/o label
eŭr/o euro (money)
Eŭrop/o Europe
eventual/a any (that may occur); contingent; ~o eventuality, contingency; ~e if need be, if the case should arise
evident/a obvious, evident
evit/i avoid; evade
evolu/i [intr] develop, evolve

F

fabel/o fairytale, story
fab/o bean, broad bean
fabrik/o factory; ~i manufacture
fac/o face (of object)
facil/a easy; ~eco ease
faden/o thread
fag/o beech (tree)
fajf/i, ~ilo whistle
fajr/o fire; ~ero spark
fak/o compartment, pigeonhole; branch, specialization, department; square (on game board); ~ulo specialist
faks/o, ~i fax
fakt/o fact; ~e in fact
faktur/o bill, invoice
fal/i fall; ~igi drop
fald/i [tr] fold
fals/i forge (falsify), fake; ~a fake, false
fam/o fame; ~a famous
famili/o family
familiar/a familiar (informal); colloquial
fand/i [tr] melt
fanfaron/i boast, brag
fantazi/o fantasy
fantom/o ghost, phantom
far/i do; make; ~e de by; ~iĝi become
farb/o, ~i paint
farmaci/o pharmacy (study or practice)
fart/i be (fare); kiel vi ~as? how are you?
farun/o flour
fasad/o facade
fask/o bundle
fason/o cut (of clothes); typeface; layout; ~i cut, make to measure; design
fast/i fast (not eat); ~o a fast
faŭk/o mouth, maw
faŭlt/o fault (geology)
favor/a advantageous, favorable
fazeol/o bean (legume)
fe/o fairy
febr/o fever
februar/o February
feĉ/o dregs; sludge
federaci/o federation
feliĉ/a fortunate; happy; mal~o misfortune; unhappiness
fel/o hide, skin (of animal)
fend/i [tr] split, crack; ~o a crack, fissure
fenestr/o window
fenomen/o phenomenon
fer/o iron (metal); ~vojo railway
feri/o holiday; ~i go on vacation
ferm/i [tr] shut, close
fervor/o zeal, fervor; ~i be keen, fervent; ~a zealous; ~ulo fan (sports)
fest/i celebrate; ~o a party, celebration, feast
festen/i feast, have a banquet
fi prefix den. shame; ~a shameful, disgusting; ~fama notorious, of ill repute
fianĉ/o fiancé; ~ino fiancée; ge~iĝi get engaged; ~amiko best man
fid/i, ~o trust; ~inda trustworthy, reliable
fidel/a faithful
fier/a proud
figur/o figure (form)
fikci/o fiction
fiks/i fix (fasten)
fil/o son; ~ino daughter
filatel/o philately
fili/o branch (of firm)
film/o, ~i film (cinema)
filolog/o philologist
filologi/o philology
filozof/o philosopher; ~i philosophize
filozofi/o philosophy
fin/i [tr] finish, bring to an end; ~iĝi [intr] end; ~o end; ~a: final; ~e at last; ~~e at long last, finally
financ/o, ~i finance
fingr/o finger
finn/o a Finn; ~lando Finland
firm/a solid, firm
firm(a)o (business) firm
fiŝ/o, ~(kapt)i fish
fizik/o physics; ~isto physicist
flag/o flag
flagr/i flare (up); ~eti flicker
flam/o flame
flank/o side; ~e de alongside; ~en sideways; de~iĝi digress; go astray; ali~e on the other hand
flar/i [tr] smell (a scent)
flat/i flatter; ~o flattery
flav/a yellow
fleg/i, ~ist(in)o nurse (in sickness)
fleks/i [tr] flex, bend; ~ebla flexible
flik/i patch, mend
flirt/i flutter, flit; flirt
flor/o, ~i flower; ~brasiko cauliflower; ~krono wreath
flos/o raft; ~i [intr] float
flu/i, ~o flow; ~a fluent
flug/i [intr] fly; ~ilo wing; ~haveno airport; ~folio leaflet
fluid/o, ~a fluid
flustr/i whisper
foir/o fair (gathering), market; trade fair
foj/o time (occasion); ~e occasionally; ~~e from time to time; tri ~ojn three times
foli/o leaf; sheet (paper)
fond/i found (establish); ~aĵo foundation
font/o spring; source; ~i spring, well up; arise; ~(o)plumo fountain pen
fontan/o fountain
for (adv.) distant; ~igi remove, get rid of; ~iri go away; ~esti be absent; ~skrapi, ~viŝi erase
forges/i forget
forĝ/i forge (work metal)
fork/o fork
form/o form, shape
formal/a formal
formik/o ant
formul/o formula; ~i formulate; ~aro a form (to fill out)
forn/o furnace, stove
fort/a strong
fortik/a robust, sturdy
fortun/o fortune
fos/i dig; ~ilo spade; ~aĵo hole, ditch
fost/o post (upright timber)
fot(ograf)/i, ~(aĵ)o photograph; ~ilo camera
fotel/o armchair
frag/o strawberry
frakas/i shatter, smash
frakci/o fraction
framb/o raspberry
franc/o French person; ~ujo France
frand/i relish; ~aĵo delicacy
frap/i, ~o strike, hit, knock (at the door, etc.); tap
frat/o brother; ~ino sister
fraŭl/o bachelor; Master; ~ino bachelorette; Miss
fraz/o sentence
fremd/a foreign, strange; ~ulo stranger
frenez/a insane, mad
freŝ/a fresh
frid/a cold [= malvarma]; ~ujo refrigerator
fripon/o rogue, con-man, crook, scoundrel
frit/i fry
frivol/a frivolous
friz/i [tr] curl (hair); ~o hairdo; ~isto hairdresser
fromaĝ/o cheese
front/o front (military, political, weather, etc.); (al) face
frost/o frost; ~i [tr] freeze; ~(o)vundo frostbite; ~(o)tremi shiver; ~ig’ilo, ~ujo freezer
frot/i rub
fru/e, ~a early
frukt/o fruit
frunt/o forehead
fu! (exclamation)
fuĝ/i flee, run away
fuksi/o fuchsia
fulg/o soot
fulm/o lightning; ~tondro thunderstorm
fum/o, ~i smoke
fund/o bottom; ĝis~e thoroughly
fundament/o foundation; ~a fundamental
funebr/o mourning; ~i mourn
funel/o funnel
fung/o mushroom; fungus
funkci/o function; ~i [intr] run, work, function; ~igi operate
funt/o pound (weight)
furaĝ/o fodder; ~i forage
furioz/a furious
furor/o vogue, craze; ~i be all the rage
fuŝ/i botch, bungle
fut/o foot (unit of length)
futbal/o football (soccer)

G

gaj/a cheerful, merry, gay; mal~a sad
gajn/i, ~o win; gain; earn
gal/o bile
galeri/o gallery
galinol/o moorhen
galop/o, ~i gallop
gam/o (mus.) scale, key; gamut
gant/o glove; ~pupo puppet
garaĝ/o garage (for repairs)
garanti/i, ~o guarantee
gard/i, ~isto guard
gas/o gas
gast/o guest; ~ejo hostel
gazet/o periodical (newspaper, magazine, etc.); ~aro press (media)
ge prefix den. both sexes together; ~patroj parents; ~sinjoroj ladies and gentlemen
gej/o, ~a gay (homosexual)
gelaten/o gelatin
generaci/o generation
general/o general (military)
geni/o genius (ability); ~ulo genius (person)
gent/o ethnic group, race
geografi/o geography
Georgi/o Georgia (US state) [Georgia (country) = Kartvelujo]
germano German (person); ~ujo Germany
gest/o, ~i gesture; ~adi gesticulate
giĉet/o ticket window, box office; hatch
girland/o garland
gitar/o guitar
glaci/o ice; ~aĵo ice cream
glad/i to iron (clothes); ~ilo clothes-iron
glan/o acorn
glas/o glass (for drinking)
glat/a, ~igi smooth
glav/o sword; ~ingo scabbard
glit/i [intr] slide, glide, slip
glob/o globe; ~krajono ballpoint
glor/i glorify, extol; ~o glory
glu/o glue; ~i [tr] glue, stick; ~iĝi adhere; ~marko sticker, seal
golf/o bay, golf, gulf
gorĝ/o throat
graci/a graceful
grad/o grade, degree
grajn/o grain (seed, particle)
gram/o gram
gramatik/o grammar
grand/a big, great, large; ~o size; po~e wholesale
grandioz/a grand, magnificent
gras/o fat, grease
grat/i scratch
gratul/i congratulate
graŭl/i growl
grav/a important; serious; ne ~as it doesn’t matter; nevermind
greg/o flock, herd
grek/o Greek (person); ~ujo Greece
gren/o grain (crop)
grimac/i grimace
grimp/i climb
grinc/i creak, grate (noise)
grip/o flu, influenza
griz/a, ~o gray
Gronlando Greenland
grot/o cave
grumbl/i grumble
grund/o soil, earth
gru/o crane
grup/o group
gudr/o tar
gum/o gum
gust/o taste; ~i have flavor; ~umi [tr] taste (sample)
gut/o drop (of liquid); ~i [intr] drip
gvid/i guide, show the way, lead; ~anto guide; ~libro guidebook

Ĝ

ĝangal/o jungle
ĝarden/o garden
ĝemel/o twin
ĝem/i groan, moan
ĝen/i hamper, inconvenience, disturb
ĝendarm/o gendarme
ĝeneral/a general; ~e in general
ĝentil/a polite, courteous; ~eco manners
ĝi (pron.) it; ~a its
ĝib/o hump
ĝiraf/o giraffe
ĝis until; as far as; upto; ~ (la) re’vido see you later; bye; ~i say goodbye to
ĝoj/i be glad; ~o joy
ĝu/i enjoy; ~o enjoyment
ĝust/a right, correct, exact

H

ha! ah!
ha-lo? Hello? (telephone greeting)
hajl/o hail (weather); ~ero hailstone
hak/i chop; ~ilo axe
hal/o hall (large room)
halt/i [intr] halt, stop (moving)
halucin/o hallucination
handikap/o, ~i handicap
har/o hair (a single strand); ~oj, ~aro hair (a head, etc. of hair); sen~a bald
haring/o herring
harmoni/o harmony
haŭt/o skin
hav/i have; ~ebla available
haven/o port, harbor
hazard/o chance, luck
he! hey!
heĝ/o hedge
hejm/o home; ~e at home
hejt/i heat; stoke; ~aĵo fuel
hektar/o hectare
hel/a bright; light (color)
helikopter/o helicopter
help/i, ~o help; mal~i hinder
hepat/o liver
herb/o grass; ~aĉo weed
hered/i inherit; ~igi bequeath
hero/o hero
herold/o, ~i herald
hezit/i hesitate
hien/o hyena
hieraŭ (adv.) yesterday; antaŭ~ the day before yesterday
higien/o hygiene
himn/o anthem; hymn
hirund/o swallow (bird)
hispano Spaniard; ~ujo Spain
histori/o history
ho! oh!
hodiaŭ (adv.) today; ~ vespere this evening
hok/o, ~i hook
hom/o human, person; ~amaso crowd
honest/a honest
Honkong/o Hong Kong
honor/i, ~o honor
hont/i be ashamed; ~o shame
hor/o hour; time (of day); ~aro timetable
horde/o barley
horizont/o horizon
horizontal/a horizontal
horloĝ/o clock; brak~o wristwatch; mur~o wall clock; park~o parking meter
hotel/o hotel
huf/o hoof
hum/o humus
human/a humane; ~ismo humanism
humid/a humid
humil/a humble
humor/o temper, mood
humur/o humor (wit)
hund/o dog
hungar/o Hungarian (person); ~ujo Hungary
hura! (exclamation) hurrah!

Ĥ

ĥaoso chaos
ĥemi/o, kemi/o chemistry
ĥirurg/o, kirurg/o surgeon
ĥirurgi/o, kirurgi/o surgery
ĥor/o choir

I

ia some kind of
iam once (in the past); sometime (in the future)
ide/o idea
ideal/o, ~a ideal
ident/a identical; ~eco identity; ~igi identify
id (suffix den. offspring); ~o offspring, young; hund~o puppy; reĝ~o prince
idiot/o idiot
ie somewhere; ~ ajn anywhere
iel somehow
ies someone’s
ig (causative suffix); ~i make, cause, render; pur~i clean, purify; bol~i boil (something)
ignor/i ignore
(suffix den. becoming); ~i become, get; ruĝ~i redden (become red); komenc~i [intr] to begin
il (suffix den. tool or implement); ~o tool, implement; hak~o axe; skrib~o writing implement
ili (pron.) they; ~a their
ilustr/i illustrate; ~aĵo illustration
imag/i imagine
imit/i imitate
imperi/o empire; ~estro emperor
implik/i entangle; implicate
impon/i impress; ~a impressive
import/i import
impost/o, ~i tax
impres/i make an impression; ~o impression; ~ebla, ~iĝ’ema impressionable
impuls/o impetus, impulse
imun/a immune, -proof; rust~a ŝtalo stainless steel
in (suffix den. female); ~o female; patr~o mother; frat~o sister
incendi/o conflagration; inferno
incit/i irritate, incite, excite; ~eti tease
ind (suffix den. worthiness for something); ~a worthy; rimark~a remarkable; dub~a dubious
indiferent/a indifferent
indik/i indicate
industri/o industry
infan/o child
infekt/i infect
infer/o hell; ~a infernal
infinitiv/o (gramm.) infinitive
influ/i influence
inform/i inform, tell; ~o information
ing (suffix den. socket, holder); ~o socket; glav~o scabbard; kandel~o candlestick; ŝtop’il~o plug socket
iniciat/i [tr] initiate, originate
injekt/i inject
ink/o ink
inkluziv/a, ~e inclusive; ~e de including; ~i include
insekt/o insect
insid/i ensnare, lay a trap for; ~o snare
insign/o badge
insist/i insist
inspekt/i inspect; ~isto inspector
inspir/i inspire
instal/i install
instanc/o authority (offical body)
instig/i encourage, impel, urge
instinkt/o instinct
instru/i teach; ~isto teacher
instrument/o instrument
insul/o island
insult/i insult
intelekt/o intellect
inteligent/a intelligent
intenc/i intend; ~e on purpose
intens/a intense
inter (prep.) among, between; ~nacia international; ~rompi interrupt
intervju/o an interview; ~i to interview
interes/i [tr] interest; ~o interest; ~a interesting; ~iĝi be(come) interested
interez/o (financial) interest
intern/a internal
interpret/i interpret
intest/o intestine
intim/a intimate
intuici/o intuition
inund/i [tr] flood; ~o flood
invent/i invent
invit/i invite
io something; ~ ajn anything
iom a bit, somewhat, rather; ~ete a tiny bit; slightly
Irak/o Iraq
Iran/o Iran
ir/i go; el~i exit, go out; en~i enter, go in; for~i depart, leave; ~igi drive; make go
Irland/o Ireland
ironi/o irony
Island/o Iceland
Israel/o Israel
italo Italian (person); ~ujo Italy
iu (pron.) someone; (adj) a certain (one), some, any; ~ajn anybody; anyone
izol/i insulate; isolate

J

ja indeed
jak/o jacket
jam already, yet
januar/o January
japan/o Japanese (person); ~ujo Japan
jar/o year; ~cento century
je (undefined prep.); ~ la dua at two o’clock; fidu ~ li : believe in him
jen here, here is; ~e as follows
jes yes
Jesu/o Jesus
jet/o jet (plane)
jogurt/o yogurt
ju pli … des pli … the more … the more …
jubile/o jubilee
jud/o Jew; ~a Jewish
jug/o yoke
juĝ/i, ~isto judge
juk/i, ~o itch
juli/o July
jun/a young; ~ulo youngster (young person); ~eco youth (state of being young)
jung/i, ~o harness
juni/o June
jup/o skirt
jur/o law (legal system)
just/a just (fair)
juvel/o jewel

Ĵ

ĵaluz/a jealous
ĵaŭd/o Thursday
ĵet/i throw; ~aĵo projectile; ~ilo : sling; ~kubo dice
ĵoke/o jockey
ĵongl/i juggle
ĵur/i swear (take an oath); ~rompo perjury
ĵurnal/o newspaper; ~isto journalist
ĵus (adv.) just (a moment ago)

K

kaban/o hut
kabaret/o cabaret
kabinet/o study (room)
kaĉ/o mush, porridge; mess
kadavr/o corpse
kadr/o frame(work)
kaduk/a decrepit
kaf/o coffee; ~ejo café; ~kruĉo coffee-pot
kaĝ/o cage
kahel/o tile
kaj and; kaj … kaj … both … and …
kaj/o platform (station); quay
kajer/o exercise book
kajut/o cabin
kaĵol/i cajole, coax
kaka/o cocoa
kakofoni/o cacophony
kakt/o cactus
kal/o callus
kaldron/o boiler, cauldron
kalendar/o calendar
kalkan/o heel (of foot); ~umo heel (of shoe)
kalkul/i calculate, reckon; ~o calculation; bill (hotel, etc.)
kalson/o underpants; ~eto slip, panties
kalumni/i, ~o slander, libel
kalv/a bald
kamarad/o comrade
kamel/o camel
kamen/o fireplace, hearth
kamera/o (film, video) camera, camcorder
kamion/o truck
kamp/o field; ~aro countryside; ~ar’ano peasant
Kanad/o Canada
kanajl/o scoundrel, rogue
kanal/o canal; channel; ~izi lay down mains, pipes, sewers
kandel/o candle; ~ingo candlestick
kandidat/o candidate
kanibal/o cannibal
kant/i sing; ~o song
kanzon/o song, ballad
kap/o head (of body)
kapabl/a (cap)able
kapital/o capital (funds)
kapr/o goat
kapric/o whim, caprice
kapsik/o (bell, green, chili, etc.) pepper, capsicum
kapt/i capture, catch
kar/a dear; ~ul(in)o darling
karaf/o carafe
karakter/o character (personality)
karb/o coal
karcer/o cell, jail, prison
kares/i stroke (caress)
karier/o career
karn/o flesh
karnaval/o carnival
karot/o carrot
kart/o card
karton/o cardboard
kartvel/o Georgian (person from the country of Georgia); ~ujo Georgia (nation)
kas/o fund; till (shop); ~isto cashier
kased/o cassette
kaserol/o (sauce)pan
kasked/o cap (with visor)
kastel/o castle
kaŝ/i [tr] conceal, hide (something)
kaŝtan/o chestnut
kat/o cat
katalog/o catalogue
katastrof/o catastrophe; ~e! What a catastrophe!
katedral/o cathedral
kategori/o category
katen/o shackle
katolik/o catholic
kaŭĉuk/o rubber
kaŭz/o, ~i cause
kav/o, ~a hollow
kavern/o cavern, cave
kaz/o case (gramm., legal, med.)
KD (kompakta disko) CD
ke (conj.) that
kejl/o peg, plug; spigot
kel/o cellar
kelk/a some; ~aj some, a few; ~foje sometimes; tridek~jara thirty-something (years old)
kelner/o waiter
kern/o core, kernel
kest/o chest (box)
kia what kind
kial why; ~o reason (cause)
kiam when
kie where
kiel as; how
kies whose
kilogram/o kilogram
kilometr/o kilometer
kimr/o Welsh (person); ~ujo Wales
kin/o cinema (industry); ~ejo movie theater
kio what (thing); ~ ajn whatever
kiom how much; ~ da how much (of)
Kipr/o Cyprus
kis/i, ~o kiss
kitel/o overall, smock
kiu who; which one; that (relative pron.); ~ ajn whoever; whichever
klab/o club (weapon)
klaĉ/i gossip
klap/o flap; valve
klar/a clear; plain; ~igi explain; ~igo explanation
klas/o, ~i class
klasik/a classic(al)
klav/o key (of keyboard); ~aro keyboard
kler/a cultured, educated
klient/o client, customer
klimat/o climate
klin/i [tr] incline, tilt; ~iĝi recline; ~iĝo incline (slope)
kling/o blade
klinik/o clinic
klopod/i take steps (to), endeavor, set about
klub/o club (society)
knab/o boy; ~ino girl
kod/o code; ~igi codify; ~umi hack
kofr/o trunk (chest)
kok/o cock (rooster); ~ino hen
koket/a coquettish
kokos/o coconut
kol/o neck; ~ĉeno necklace; ~umo collar
kolbas/o sausage
koleg/o colleague
kolekt/i [tr] collect, gather; ~o collection
kolektiv/a, ~o collective
koler/i be angry with; ~o anger; ~iĝi anger (become angry)
kolizi/i collide
kolomb/o pigeon
kolon/o column (pillar)
kolonel/o colonel
kolor/o, ~i color
kolumn/o column (vertical arrangement)
kom/o comma
komand/i (be in) command
komb/i to comb; ~ilo a comb
kombin/i combine; ~aĵo combination; (chemical) compound
komedi/o comedy; ~isto comedian
komenc/i [tr] begin, start; ~anto beginner
koment/i, ~o comment, remark
komerc/i trade (commerce); ~o commerce, business; ~aĵo merchandise, commercial product
komfort/o comfort, ease
komik/a comic(al)
komisar/o commissar
komisi/i commission, entrust (with a task)
komision/o commission, subcommittee
komitat/o committee
kompakt/a compact
kompar/i compare
kompat/i, ~o pity; ~inda poor (pitiful)
kompens/i compensate
kompetent/a competent
komplement/o complement
kompliment/o, ~i complement
komplet/a complete; ~o complete set; suit (of clothes), outfit
komplez/o favor, kindness; ~i oblige
komplik/i complicate; ~a complicated
kompon/i compose
kompren/i understand; ~eble of course
kompromit/i compromise, jeopardize
komput/i compute; ~ilo computer
komun/a common; ~aĵo common property; ~ismo communism; ~umo community, commune
komunik/i [tr] communicate (something)
kon/i know (be aquainted with); re~i recognize
koncentr/i [tr] concentrate
koncept/o concept
koncern/i concern; ~a in question; ~e as for
koncert/o concert
kondamn/i condemn
kondiĉ/o condition (stipulation); ~i stipulate; ~, ke provided that
konduk/i lead, conduct; drive (vehicle); en~i introduce (something)
kondut/i behave (well or badly)
konferenc/o conference
konfes/i admit, confess; ~o confession
konfid/i confide, entrust
konfidenc/o confidence (secret)
konfirm/i confirm
konfit/i preserve (fruit, etc.); ~aĵo preserve, jam
konfuz/i confuse; ~o confusion; ~a confused, jumbled
kongres/o congress
konjekt/i conjecture, guess
konklud/i conclude (logically), infer
konkord/o concord
konkur/i compete, rival
konkurs/o competition, contest
konsci/i be aware (of); ~a conscious (of); ~o consciousness, awareness
konscienc/o conscience
konsekvenc/o consequence; consistency; ~a inconsistent
konsent/i, ~o agree, consent
konserv/i preserve; keep
konsider/i consider
konsil/i advise; ~o advice, counsel
konsist/i consist; ~o composition; ~igi constitute
konsol/i console, comfort
konstant/a constant; permanent
konstat/i ascertain, establish
konstituci/o constitution
konstru/i build, construct; ~aĵo building
konsul/o consul
konsult/i [tr] consult
konsum/i consume, use up
kont/o account (financial)
kontakt/i, ~o contact; fuŝ~o short circuit
kontant/a ready (money), in cash
kontent/a content(ed), satisfied; ~igi satisfy
kontest/i contest (oppose)
kontinent/o continent
kontrakt/o contract
kontrast/o contrast
kontraŭ (prep.) against; ~(star)i oppose; ~diri contradict; ~leĝa illegal; ~ulo opponent
kontribu/i contribute
kontrol/i check; verify; supervise
konven/i, ~a be suitable, appropriate
konversaci/o conversation; ~i converse, talk
konvink/i convince
kopi/i, ~o copy
kor/o heart; ~a cordial; ~tuŝa moving
korb/o basket
kord/o string (of instrument)
kore/o Korean (person); ~ujo Korea
korelativ/a correlative
korekt/i [tr] correct (something)
korespond/i correspond (by mail)
koridor/o corridor
kork/o cork
korn/o horn
kornik/o carrion crow [= nigra korvo]
korp/o body
kort/o courtyard
korus/o choir
korv/o (any) crow; granda ~ raven; griza ~ hooded crow; nigra ~ carrion crow
kosm/o cosmos
kost/i, ~o cost
kostum/o dress, costume; suit
koŝmar/o nightmare
kot/o mud
kotiz/i subscribe; ~o subscription, dues
koton/o cotton
kovert/o envelope
kovr/i cover; ~ilo cover, lid
kraĉ/i spit; ~aĵo spit(tle)
krad/o grid (grating)
krajon/o pencil
krani/o skull
kravat/o tie (necktie)
kre/i create; ~aĵo creation; ~into creator
kred/i think (believe); ~o belief; ~ebla credible; ~eble probably; ne~ebla incredible, fantastic
kredit/o, ~i credit
krem/o cream
krepusk/o twilight
kresk/i [intr] grow; ~aĵo plant; ~igi [tr] grow; plen~iĝi grow up
krest/o crest
kret/o chalk
krev/i [intr] burst, pop
kri/i, ~o cry (shout)
krim/o crime; ~ulo criminal
kripl/a crippled
Krist/o Christ; ~ano a Christian; ~an’ismo Christianity
kristal/o crystal
kritik/i criticize; ~o criticism
kriz/o crisis
kroat/o Croat (person); ~ujo Croatia
kroĉ/i [tr] attach (to); hook (onto); ~iĝi cling to, get caught on
krokodil/o crocodile
krom (prep.) besides, apart from (except for; as well as); ~ se unless; ~a additional
kron/o crown
kruc/o cross (shape)
kruĉ/o a pitcher, jug
krud/a raw, rough
kruel/a cruel; fierce
krur/o leg
krust/o crust
krut/a steep; ~aĵo bluff, cliff
ktp (“kaj tiel plu”) etc
kub/o cube
Kub/o Cuba
kudr/i sew; ~ilo sewing needle; ~o’maŝino sewing machine
kuir/i [tr] cook; ~ejo kitchen; ~forno cooker; ~isto cook (chef)
kuk/o cake
kukol/o cuckoo
kukum/o cucumber; ~eto pickle
kukurb/o pumpkin
kul/o gnat
kuler/o spoon
kulp/a guilty; ~o guilt; ~igi accuse, blame
kult/o cult
kultur/o culture; ~i cultivate
kun with; ~e together; ~ulo companion; ~labori cooperate, collaborate; ~meti combine; ~veni meet; ~sido meeting, get-together
kunikl/o rabbit
kupon/o coupon
kupr/o copper
kur/i run
kurac/i treat (an illness); ~isto doctor
kuraĝ/a brave; ~o courage; ~i dare; ~igi encourage
kurator/o curator
kurb/a curved; ~o curve
kurent/o current (electrical)
kurioz/a curious (strange), quaint
kurs/o course (of lessons; route)
kurten/o curtain
kusen/o cushion
kuŝ/i lie (be horizontal), recline
kutim/i be accustomed to; ~a usual, customary; ~o custom; habit
kuv/o tub, vat
kuz(in)/o cousin
kvadrat/o square (shape)
kvalit/o quality
kvankam although
kvant/o amount, quantity
kvar four; ~ono quarter (fourth); ~opo quartet
kvartal/o district, quarter (of city)
kvazaŭ as if, as though
kver/i coo
kverel/i, ~o quarrel, wrangle
kverk/o oak
kvin five; ~ono fifth; ~opo quintet
kvitanc/o receipt (for goods)
kviz/o quiz

L

la (article) the
labor/i, ~o work; kun~ cooperate, collaborate; ~isto worker
lab(oratori)o laboratory
lac/a tired; ~iĝi tire (grow tired)
lacert/o lizard
laĉ/o, ~i lace (of shoe)
lad/o sheet metal; ~skatolo tin (box, can)
lag/o lake
lak/o, ~i lacquer
lakt/o milk
lam/a lame
lamen/o lamina
lament/i lament, wail
lamp/o lamp
lan/o wool; ~a woolen
land/o country (nation); ~limo (national) border
lang/o tongue
lantern/o lantern
lard/o bacon
larĝ/a wide, broad; ~o width
larm/o tear(-drop); ~i weep, have tears in one’s eyes; ~iga gaso tear gas
larv/o grub, larva
las/i leave
last/a latest; last; ~tempa recent
latun/o brass
latv/o Latvian (person); ~ujo Latvia
laŭ along; according to; ~leĝa legal; ~moda fashionable; ~vorte literally
laŭb/o arbor, bower
laŭd/i, ~o praise; mal~i criticize
laŭt/a loud
lav/i wash; ~ejo washroom
lecion/o lesson
led/o leather
leg/i read; ~ebla legible
legom/o vegetable (food)
leĝ/o law (legislation); laŭ~a legal
lekci/o lecture
lek/i lick
leon/o lion
lepor/o hare
lern/i learn; ~anto pupil; ~ejo school
lert/a clever, skillful, able
lesiv/o lye; detergent
leter/o letter (correspondence)
lev/i lift, raise
li (pron.) he; ~a his
Libano Lebanon
liber/a free; ~igi liberate
Libi/o Libya
libr/o book
lice/o secondary school, lycée
licenc/o license
lig/i bind, connect, join, tie; ~o league; ~ilo bond, link; al~i attach; kun~i link together
lign/o timber, wood (material)
likv/o, ~a liquid
lili/o lily
lim/o, ~igi limit
limak/o slug
limonad/o lemonade
lin/o flax
lingv/o language
lini/o line; ~ilo ruler
lip/o lip
list/o, ~igi list
lit/o bed; ~(o)tuko bedsheet
liter/o letter (of alphabet)
literatur/o literature
litov/o Lithuanian (person); ~ujo Lithuania
litr/o liter
liver/i deliver; supply
log/i lure; al~i attract
logik/o logic
loĝ/i dwell; ~ejo lodgings; ~ant’aro, en~antoj inhabitants
lojal/a loyal
lok/o place; ~a local; ~i place, locate
lokomotiv/o engine (train), locomotive
London/o London
long/a long; mal~a short
longitud/o longitude
lu/i rent (from someone); ~igi rent (to someone); ~prezo rent (price)
lud/i play; ~o game; ~ilo toy; ~ant’aro team
luk/o porthole, skylight
luks/o luxury; ~a luxurious
Luksemburg/o Luxemburg
lukt/i wrestle, struggle
lul/i [tr] lull, rock; ~ilo cradle
lum/o, ~a light; ~i [intr] shine; ~turo lighthouse
lun/o moon
lund/o Monday
lup/o wolf

M

maĉ/i chew
magazen/o large shop, store; magazine (of gun)
magazin/o magazine (illustrated)
magi/o magic
magnet/o magnet; ~a magnetic
magnetofon/o tape recorder
maiz/o corn, maize
maj/o May
majest/a majestic; ~o majesty
majonez/o mayonnaise
majstr/o master (of art/profession); ~i to master
majuskl/a upper-case
makedon/o Macedonian (person); ~ujo Macedonia
makram/o macramé
maksimum/o maximum
makul/o spot; ~i spot, stain
mal (prefix den. opposite); ~o opposite; ~e on the contrary; ~bona bad; ~granda small
maleol/o ankle
malgraŭ (prep.) despite, in spite of
malic/a malicious
mam/o breast, udder; ~ulo mammal
man/o hand; ~plato palm (hand); ~premi shake hands; ~sak(et)o handbag; ~tuko handkerchief
mandat/o mandate
manĝ/i eat; ~o meal; ~aĵo food; ~igi feed
mani/o mania
manier/o way (manner)
manik/o sleeve
manipul/i manipulate
mank/i be lacking
Manks’insulo Man, Isle of
manovr/i maneuver
mantel/o cloak, coat
manuskript/o manuscript
map/o map
mar/o sea; ~bordo coast, shore
maraton/o marathon
marĉ/o marsh
mard/o Tuesday
mark/o mark; make (of goods)
marmelad/o jam, marmelade
marmor/o marble
marŝ/i, ~o march, walk
mart/o March
martel/o, ~i hammer
mas/o mass (measurement)
mason/i work stone (masonry); ~isto mason
mastr/o master (boss)
maŝin/o machine
mat/o mat
matĉ/o match (game)
matematik/o mathematics
maten/o morning
material/o material
materi/o matter (material)
matrac/o mattress
matur/a mature; ripe; ~iĝi ripen
mebl/o(j), ~aro furniture
medi/o environment
medicin/o medicine (science)
medikament/o medicine (medicament)
Mediterane/o Mediterranean
meĥanik/o mechanics
meĥanism/o mechanism
mejl/o mile
mekanik/o mechanics
mekanism/o mechanism
Meksik/o Mexico
melankoli/o melancholy
meleagr/o turkey (bird)
melodi/o melody, tune (music)
melon/o melon
mem oneself (emphasis)
membr/o member
memor/i remember; ~o memory
menci/i, ~o mention
mend/i, ~o order (goods and services); ~ilo order form
mens/o mind; ~a mental
mensog/i, ~o lie (falsehood)
ment/o mint
menton/o chin
menu/o menu
merit/i deserve, merit; ~o merit
merkred/o Wednesday
mes/o mass (religious service)
mesaĝ/o, ~i message
met/i put
metal/o, ~a metal
meti/o handicraft; trade (profession)
metod/o method
metr/o meter
mez/o, ~a middle; ~nombro average
mezur/i [tr] measure
mi (pron.) I; ~a my; ~a kulpo my fault
miel/o honey
mien/o expression (of face)
migr/i migrate, roam; en~i immigrate
mikro/ micro-; ~ondo microwave; ~onda forno microwave oven
mikrofon/o microphone
miks/i [tr] mix; ~aĵo mixture
mil thousand; jar~o millenium
mild/a gentle, mild
miliard/o billion (thousand million, 10^9)
milimetr/o millimeter
milion/o million
milit/o war; ~isto soldier
min/i mine (for ore); ~(ej)o mine (tunnels)
minac/i threaten, menace; ~o menace
mineral/o mineral
minimum/o, ~a minimum
ministr/o minister (government); ~ejo ministry (government)
minus minus
minuskl/o lower-case, small letter
minut/o minute (time)
mir/i be amazed, wonder, marvel; ~igi amaze, awe; ~inda wonderful
mirakl/o miracle
mis (prefix) mis-; ~kompreni misunderstand; ~aŭdi mishear
mister/o mystery
mistifik/i hoax, fool
mizer/o, ~a misery
mod/o fashion, vogue
model/o model
moder/a, ~igi moderate
modern/a modern
modest/a modest
modif/i modify
mojos/a cool (attractive, fashionable)
mok/i mock
mol/a soft
moment/o moment
mon/o money; ~ujo wallet; purse; ~ero coin; ~puno fine (punishment)
monat/o month
mond/o world
monstr/o monster
mont/o mountain; ~eto hill
montr/i show; ~iĝi appear, turn out; ~ilo indicator
monument/o monument
mor/o general custom, usage
moral/o morals
mord/i bite
morgaŭ (adv.) tomorrow; post~ the day after tomorrow
mort/i die; ~o death; ~igi kill; ~inta dead (died)
moskit/o mosquito
moŝt/o (general honorific); lia reĝa moŝto his royal highness
motiv/o reason (motive)
motor/o motor, engine; ~ciklo motorcycle
mov/i [tr] move; ~iĝi [intr] move; ~ado movement
muel/i grind; ~ejo mill
muĝ/i bellow, roar
mul/o mule
mult/a much; ~aj many; ~e (da) a lot (of); ~obl’igi, ~obl’iĝi multiply (increase in number); ~valora precious; ~e’kosta costly
multiplik/i [tr] multiply (mathematics)
munt/i erect; mal~i disassemble
murd/i murder
murmur/i murmur
mur/o wall
mus/o mouse
musk/o moss
muskol/o muscle
muŝ/o fly (insect)
mut/a mute; unable to speak
muz/o Muse
muze/o museum
muzel/o muzzle (part of the face), snout
muzik/o music; ~ilo musical instrument

N

naci/o nation; ~a national; ~ismo nationalism
naĝ/i swim
naiv/a naive
najbar/o neighbor
najl/o nail (metal)
najtingal/o nightingale
nan/o dwarf; midget
Narcis/o Narcissus
nask/i give birth to; ~iĝi be born; ~iĝo birth; ~iĝ’tago birthday
natur/o nature; ~rezerv’ejo nature reserve
naŭ nine
naŭz/i nauseate
naz/o nose
ne no; not
nebul/o fog; ~eto mist
neces/a necessary; ~ejo bathroom, lavatory; ~a seĝo toilet (fixture)
Nederland/o Netherlands
neglekt/i neglect
neĝ/o, ~i snow; ~ero snowflake
nek nor; nek … nek … neither … nor …
nenia no kind
neniam never
nenie nowhere
nenies nobody’s
nenio nothing; none
neniu no one, nobody; none
nenio nothing
nep/o grandson; ~ino granddaughter
nepr/e definitely; without fail
nerv/o nerve
nervoz/a nervous; fidgety, impatient
nest/o, ~i nest
net/a neat (orderly); clear-cut; ~o clean copy; mal~o rough draft
nev/o nephew; ~ino niece
ni (pron.) we; ~a our
nigr/a black
nilon/o nylon (substance)
nivel/o level
nod/o, ~i knot
nokt/o night; ~mezo midnight
nom/o, ~i name; ~iĝi be called (named)
nombr/o number (quantity), amount; ~i [tr] number, count
nominativ/o nominative case
nord/o, ~a north
norm/o norm, standard; ~a standard
normal/a normal
normand/o, ~a Norman
norvego Norwegian (person); ~ujo Norway
not/i, ~o note; mark, grade
nov/a new; mal~a old; de~e again, afresh; ~aĵoj news
novel/o novelette (short story)
novembr/o November
Novzeland/o New Zealand
nu now; well (interjection)
nub/o cloud
nud/a bare, naked
nuk/o nape
nuks/o nut
nul zero, nought
numer/o number (of house, etc.)
nun now (at present)
nur (adv.) merely, only; ~a mere
nutr/i nourish

O

obe/i obey
objekt/o object (thing)
oblikv/a slanting
observ/i observe
obstin/a obstinate
ocean/o ocean
odor/i [intr] have some odor; ~o odor
ofer/i sacrifice; offer (up)
ofert/i offer; bid
ofic/o office, function, post; ~ejo office (place); ~isto official
oficial/a official
oficir/o officer (military, police)
oft/a frequent; common; ~e often
ok eight
okaz/i happen, occur; ~o occasion; event; opportunity; ĉiu~e, ~ĉia~e in any case
okcident/o, ~a west
oktobr/o October
okul/o eye; ~vitroj glasses (spectacles)
okup/i occupy; ~ita occupied, busy
ol than
ole/o oil
oliv/o olive
ombr/o shade; shadow
ombrel/o umbrella
on (suffix den. fraction); ~o fraction; du~o half
ond/o wave (water, etc.); ~i undulate; surge
oni (pron.) one, people, they, you (speaking generally); ~diro rumor, hearsay
onkl/o uncle; ~ino aunt
oper/o opera
operaci/o operation; ~i operate; ~umo (computer) operating system
opini/i think (opine); ~o opinion; sam~i agree
opon/i [intr] be in opposition
oportun/a convenient; handy; opportune
or/o gold; ~a gold(en); ~(ig)i gild
oranĝ/o, ~(kolor)a orange
orator/o orator
ord/o order (regular arrangement)
ordinar/a ordinary
ordon/i, ~o order (command)
orel/o ear
orf/o, ~igi orphan
organiz/i organize; ~(aĵ)o organization
organ/o organ
orient/o, ~a east; ~i orient; sin ~i find one’s bearings
origin/o origin; ~i [intr] originate
original/a, ~o original (not a copy)
orkestr/o orchestra
ornam/i adorn, decorate; ~(aĵ)o ornament
ort/o right-angle
ortografi/o orthography, spelling
osced/i, ~o yawn
ost/o bone
ov/o egg
oval/o, ~a oval

P

pac/o peace
pacienc/o patience
pacient/o patient (med.)
Pacifik/o Pacific Ocean
pacifism/o pacifism
pacifist/o pacifist
paĉj/o daddy [pa(tr) + ĉjo]
paf/i fire (shoot); ~ilo gun; ~arko bow
pag/i pay; sen~a free
paĝ/o page (of book)
pajl/o straw
pajnt/o pint
pak/i pack; ~o pack, packet, parcel; ~aĵo luggage, baggage; ~umo packaging
Pakistan/o Pakistan
pal/a, ~iĝi pale
palac/o palace
palis/o stake (post)
palm/o palm (tree)
palpebr/o eyelid; ~umi blink
palp/i feel (by touch)
palt/o overcoat
pan/o bread
pane/o, ~i [intr] breakdown (stop working)
panel/o panel
panj/o mom(my) [pa(trin) + njo]
pantalon/o pants, trousers
pantomim/o pantomime
pap/o pope
papag/o parrot
paper/o paper
papili/o butterfly
par/o couple, pair; ~a even (multiple of 2); paired; ne~ odd
paradiz/o paradise
paralel/a, ~o parallel
paraŝut/o, ~i parachute
pardon/i pardon, forgive; excuse; ~u!, ~on! sorry!; pardon!
parenc/o relative, relation
parentez/o parenthesis; ~e parenthetically, by the way
parfum/o perfume
Pariz/o Paris
park/o park; ~i, ~umi park (a vehicle)
parlament/o parliament
parol/i, ~ado talk; ~o speech; el~i pronounce
part/o part
parti/o party (political)
particip/o (gramm.) participle
pas/i [intr] pass; pass through; ~ejo crossing; ~int’eco past; preter~i pass (by), overtake
pasaĝer/o passenger
paser/o sparrow
pasi/o passion
Pask/o Easter; Passover
pasport/o passport
past/o paste; dough
pastr/o priest, clergyman, minister
paŝ/i, ~o step, stride, pace
paŝt/i, ~ejo pasture
pat/o frying pan
patent/o patent
patr/o father; ~ino mother; ge~oj parents
patron/o patron
paŭzo, ~i pause
pavim/o pavement; ~i pave
pav/o peacock
pec/o piece
pejzaĝ/o landscape, scenery
pek/i, ~o sin
Pekin/o Beijing
pekl/i pickle
pel/i drive (propel)
pelt/o fur
penc/o penny
pend/i [intr] hang; ~igi [tr] hang; ~umi hang (execute)
pen/i endeavor, try
pens/i think; ~ema thoughtful; el~i invent
pensi/o pension
pent/i repent
pentr/i paint (a picture)
per (prep.) by, by means of, with
perd/i lose; ~o loss
pere/i perish
perfekt/a perfect
perfid/i betray
period/o period (interval); ~aĵo periodical
perl/o pearl
permes/i, ~ilo permit
pers/o Persian (person); ~ujo Persia
persekut/i pursue; persecute; prosecute
persik/o peach
persist/i persevere; persist
pervers/a perverse
Peru/o Peru
pes/i weigh (find weight of); ~ilo scale
pest/o plague, pestilence
pet/i ask (for), request; mi ~as please; ~egi beseech; ~veturi hitchhike
petol/i frolic
petrol/o petroleum
petrosel/o parsley
pez/i weigh (have weight); ~o weight; ~a heavy, weighty
pi/a devout
pian/o piano
pic/o pizza
pice/o spruce (tree)
pied/o foot (of body); ~fingro toe; ~iri walk; ~pilko football
pig/o magpie
pik/i, ~o prick, sting; ~ilo sting, barb, pick
pil/o electrochemical cell/battery
pilk/o ball (for games); pied~o football
pilot/o, ~i pilot
pin/o pine
pinĉ/i nip, pinch
pingl/o pin
pint/o tip, point; summit
pioĉ/o pickaxe
pionir/o pioneer
pip/o pipe (for smoking)
pipr/o pepper
pir/o pear
pitoresk/a picturesque
piz/o pea
plac/o square (in town)
plaĉ/i be pleasing; ĝi ~as al mi I like it; laŭ via ~o as you please
plad/o dish, platter; course
plafon/o ceiling
plag/o calamity; ~i afflict, plague
plaĝ/o beach
plan/o, ~i plan
pland/o sole (of foot); ~umo sole (of shoe)
planed/o planet
plank/o floor
plant/i plant
plast/o plastic
plat/a flat (smooth)
plej (adv.) most; ~ bona best; ~ mal’granda smallest
plekt/i [tr] twine, plait
plen/a full; ~igi fill; ~umi fulfil; ~kresk’ulo adult
plend/i complain
plet/o tray
plezur/o pleasure
pli (adv.) more; ~ bona better; ~multo majority; ~bon’igi [tr] improve; ~-mal~ more or less
plonĝ/i [intr] plunge, dive
plor/i cry (weep)
plu (adv.) further, longer; ne ~ no longer, no more; no further; kaj tiel ~ and so on
plum/o feather; pen
plumb/o lead (metal); ~isto plumber
plur/aj several; ~silaba polysyllabic
plural/o plural
plus plus; ~o plus; surplus
pluv/o rain; ~as it’s raining; ~mantelo raincoat
po (prep.) at the rate of, @, each; ~ du ovoj two eggs each
podi/o platform (podium)
poem/o poem
poent/o point (scoring)
poet/o poet
poezi/o poetry; ~aĵo poetry; ~isto poet
pol/o Pole (a person from Poland); ~a Polish; ~lando, ~ujo Poland
polic/o police; ~ano police officer
politik/o politics; policy
polur/i polish (a surface); ~o shine, lustre
poltron/o coward, poltroon
polus/o (geog.) pole
polv/o dust; sen~igi to (remove) dust; ~o’suĉ’ilo vacuum cleaner
pom/o apple
pont/o bridge
pop(muzik)/o pop (music)
popol/o people (populace)
popular/a popular
por (prep.) for; in order to; ~ ke so that
porcelan/o china (porcelain)
porci/o portion
pord/o door; gate
pork/o pig; ~aĵo pork
port/i carry, take; wear
portret/o portrait
portugal/o Portuguese (person); ~ujo Portugal
posed/i own (possess); ~aĵo a possession, property
post (prep.) after; behind; ~ kiam (conj.) after; ~a, ~e later; ~aĵo (one’s) rear, behind; ~tag’mezo afternoon
posten/o post (station)
postul/i demand, require
poŝ/o pocket; en~igi put in one’s pocket; ~tuko handkerchief
poŝt/o post (mail); en~igi mail (someting); ~aĵo a letter, package (item of mail); ~karto postcard; ~marko postage stamp
pot/o pot (for cooking, etc.), jar
potenc/o power
pov/i be able
poz/i pose
pozici/o position
pra (prefix den. remoteness in time); ~avo great-grandfather; ~nepo great-grandson; ~patroj forefathers; ~historio prehistory; ~a ancient, primeval
praktik/o practice (as opposed to theory); ~i put into practice
pram/o ferry(boat)
prav/a right (in opinion); ~i be right; ~igi justify
precip/e particularly; principally; ~a main, principal
preciz/a accurate, precise
prefer/i prefer; ~e preferably; ~ata favorite
preĝ/i pray; ~ejo place of worship
prem/i press (compress); oppress
premi/o prize
pren/i pick up; take
prepar/i [tr] prepare
prepozici/o preposition
pres/i print; ~ilo printer (device)
preskaŭ (adv.) almost, nearly
preskrib/i prescribe
prestiĝ/o prestige
pret/a ready; ~igi prepare (something)
pretekst/o pretext; ~i pretend
pretend/i claim
preter (prep.) beyond; past, by; ~lasi overlook, omit; ~pasi pass (by), overtake
prez/o price
prezent/i present; introduce
prezid/i preside; ~anto chairperson, president
pri (prep.) about, concerning; ~zorgi take care of
princ/o prince
princip/o principle
printemp/o spring (season)
privat/a private
prizon/o prison
pro (prep.) for, on account of, because of, owing to
probabl/a probable
problem/o problem
proced/i proceed
proces/o lawsuit; ~i litigate, sue
produkt/i produce; ~ema productive
profesi/o profession
profesor/o professor
profet/o prophet
profit/o profit
profund/a deep, profound
prognoz/o forecast, prognosis
program/o program
progres/i, ~o progress
projekt/o, ~i project, plan
prokrast/i delay; postpone
proksim/a near, nearby; ~uma approximate; ~iĝi approach
prolet/o a proletarian; ~aro proletariat
promen/i walk (for pleasure)
promes/i, ~o promise
pronom/o pronoun
prononc/i pronounce; ~o pronunciation
propon/i propose; offer
propozici/o (grammar) clause; (logical) proposition
propr/a (one’s) own); ~aĵo property, a possession
prosper/i prosper
protekt/i protect
protest/i protest; ~anto Protestant
protokol/o minutes, record, report, log
prov/i attempt, try out; test
proverb/o proverb
provinc/o province
proviz/i, ~o supply, stock
provok/i provoke
proz/o prose
prudent/a sensible, prudent, reasonable; ~o common sense
prunt/i lend; borrow; ~e on loan; ~e’preni borrow; ~e’doni lend
pruv/i prove; ~o proof
psikologi/o psychology
publik/o, ~a public
pug/o ass (buttocks)
pugn/o fist
pulv/o gunpowder
pump/i, ~ilo pump
pum! boom!
pun/i punish; ~o punishment
pund/o pound (currency)
punkt/o dot, period; point (in space/time, question); ~o’komo semicolon; du~o colon
punt/o lace (fabric)
pup/o doll
pur/a, ~igi clean
pus/o pus
puŝ/i push
putr/i [intr] rot, putrefy; ~a rotten

R

rab/i rob; ~isto robber; ~atenci mug
rabat/o discount; rebate
raci/o reason (logical faculty); ~a rational
rado wheel
radar/o radar
radi/o ray, beam; radio; ~(ad)i radiate; ~ricevilo radio (device)
radiator/o radiator
radik/o root
radikal/a radical
radiofoni/o radio telephony
rajd/i ride (horse, cycle)
rajt/o right (entitlement); ~i be entitled to; ĉu mi ~as? may I?; ~igi authorize
rakont/i tell a story, narrate; ~o tale, narrative
ramp/i crawl, creep
ran/o frog
rand/o edge, rim
rang/o rank (military, sports, etc.)
rapid/a fast; ~o speed; ~i be fast, in a hurry
raport/i, ~o report; ~isto reporter
ras/o race
rat/o rat
raŭk/a hoarse
raŭp/o caterpillar
rav/i [tr] delight; ~a delightful
raz/i [tr] shave; ~ilo razor
razen/o lawn
reakci/o reaction (political, chemical)
real/a real
recenz/i, ~o review (book, etc.)
recept/o recipe; prescription
reciprok/a mutual, reciprocal
redakt/i edit; ~isto editor
redaktor/o editor
redukt/i [tr] reduce
reflekt/i reflect (light, etc.)
reg/i rule, govern, control; ~ist’aro government
regal/i treat (regale)
regiment/o regiment
region/o area, district (region)
registr/i, ~o record; register
regn/o kingdom, realm
regul/o rule (regulation)
reĝ/o king; ~ino queen; ~(in)a moŝto majesty (royal title)
reĝim/o regime
reĝisor/o director (of film)
reklam/i advertise; ~aĵo advertisement
rekomend/i recommend
rekompenc/o reward
rekord/o record (best performance)
rekt/a straight; ~angulo right-angle
rel/o rail
relativ/a relative (in relation to)
religi/o religion
rem/i row (a boat); ~ilo oar
ren/o kidney
rendevu/o appointment; rendezvous
renkonti [tr] meet; ~(iĝ)o meeting, encounter
rent/o income (unearned)
renvers/i overthrow, knock down
reprezent/i represent
respekt/o, ~i respect
respond/i, ~o answer, reply
respublik/o republic
rest/i remain, stay; ~aĵo rest (remainder)
restoraci/o restaurant
ret/o net; network; ~ejo website; ~paĝo web page; ~poŝto email; la ~o the Net; Inter~o The Internet
rev/i, ~o daydream, dream (wishful thinking)
revizi/i audit, revise
revoluci/o revolution (revolt)
rezign/i renounce, forgo, give up
revu/o journal, review
rezerv/i, ~o reserve
rezign/i forgo, give up, renounce
rezist/i resist
rezon/i reason (argue)
rezult/i, ~o result
rib/o currant
ribel/i, ~o mutiny
ricev/i receive; ~o receipt
riĉ/a rich, wealthy
rid/i, ~o laugh; ~eti, ~eto smile
rifuĝ/i take refuge; ~o refuge, shelter; ~into refugee
rifuz/i refuse; ~o refusal
rigard/i look (at), watch; consider, regard, deem; ek~i glance (at)
rigid/a stiff
rikolt/i harvest, reap; ~ilo sickle
rilat/i (al) relate to, refer to; ~o relation; ~e al in regard to
rim/o, ~i [tr] rhyme
rimark/i, ~o notice; ~inda remarkable
rimed/o resource
rimen/o strap
ring/o ring
rip/o rib
ripar/i repair, fix
ripet/i repeat
ripoz/i, ~o repose, rest
riproĉ/i reproach, scold; ~inda reprehensible
risk/i, ~o risk, hazard
ritm/o rhythm
rival/o rival
rivel/i reveal; develop (photo)
riverenc/o, ~i bow, curtsey to
river/o river
riz/o rice
rob/o robe; dress, gown
robot/o robot
rok/o rock; ~ĝardeno rock garden
rol/o part, rôle; ~ulo character (in a play)
roman/o novel
romanĉ/a Romansch
romp/i [tr] break; inter~i interrupt; ~iĝ’ema fragile, brittle
rond/o, ~a round; ~vojaĝi tour
ronk/i snore
ros/o dew
rost/i [tr] roast; ~pano toast
rotaci/i spin (rotate)
roz/o rose; ~kolora pink
rub/o rubbish (garbage); rubble
ruband/o ribbon
rubrik/o heading; section; column; rubric
rugbe/o rugby
ruĝ/a red; ~iĝi blush
ruin/o ruin
rul/i [tr] roll; ~o roller; ~ŝuo roller skate; ~umi scroll
ruman/o Romanian (person); ~ujo Romania
rus/o Russian (person); ~lando, ~ujo Russia
rust/o rust
ruz/a crafty, cunning, sly

S

sabat/o Saturday
sabl/o sand
sag/o arrow; ~eto dart
sagac/a astute, shrewd
saĝ/a wise; ~o wisdom
sak/o bag; sack
sal/o, ~i salt
salajr/o salary, wage
salat/o salad
sald/o balance (of account)
salik/o willow
salon/o lounge; salon
salt/i, ~o jump; ~eti hop
salut/i greet, salute; ~o greeting; ~on hello!
sam/a same; mal~ different; ~tempa simultaneous
san/a fit, healthy; ~o health; re~igi cure, restore to health
sandviĉ/o sandwich
sang/o blood; ~i bleed
sankt/a holy, sacred; ~ulo saint
sap/o soap
sark/i weed; ~ilo hoe
sat/a full (sated); mal~i be hungry
satir/o satire
saŭc/o sauce
sav/i, ~o rescue
scen/o scene; ~ejo stage (for actors)
sci/i know (a fact; how to); ~igi notify, tell; ~povi know (a language, etc.); ~voli wonder (be curious)
scienc/o science; ~isto scientist
se (conj.) if, supposing
sed (conj.) but
seg/i, ~ilo saw
seĝ/o chair, seat
sek/a dry; ~ig’ilo dryer
sekc/i dissect
sekci/o section
sekret/o, ~a secret
sekretari/o secretary
seks/o sex (male or female)
sekund/o second (unit of time)
sekur/a, ~igi secure
sekv/i follow; ~a next; ~o consequence; sin~a consecutive
sem/o, ~i seed; dis~i scatter
semajn/o week; ~fino weekend
sen (prep.) without
senat/o senate
senc/o sense (meaning)
send/i send
sens/o sense (faculty)
sent/i [tr] feel; kun~i sympathize
sep seven
septembr/o September
serb/o Serbian (person); ~ujo Serbia
serĉi look for, seek
seren/a serene
seri/o series
serioz/a serious, earnest
serpent/o serpent, snake
serur/o lock; ~isto locksmith
serv/i serve; ~o service
ses six
sever/a severe, strict
sezon/o season (time of year)
si oneself (reflexive)
sid/i sit; ~iĝi, ek~i sit (sit down)
sign/o sign
signal/o signal
signif/i mean (signify)
silent/i be silent; ~a silent; ~o silence; ~igi muzzle (silence)
silk/o silk
siluet/o silhouette
simfoni/o symphony
simi/o monkey
simil/a similar, like; ~i resemble
simpati/o liking, fellow-feeling; ~a likeable, nice
simpl/a simple
sin/o bosom; lap
sincer/a sincere
sindikat/o union (trade union)
singular/o singular (grammar)
sinjor/o, s-ro sir; gentleman; Mr.; ~ino, s-ino madam; lady; M(r)s.
Siri/o Syria
sistem/o system
sitel/o bucket, pail
situ/o site, situation (place); ~i be situated
situaci/o situation
skal/o, ~i scale (measure)
skatol/o box, case; lad~ can, tin
skeĉ/o sketch (theater)
ski/o, ~i ski
sklav/o slave
skolt/o scout; ~estro scoutmaster
skorpi/o scorpion
skot/o Scot (person); ~lando Scotland
skrap/i scrape; ~gumo eraser
skrib/i write; pri~i describe; ~maŝino typewriter
sku/i [tr] shake
skulpt/i carve, sculpt; ~aĵo sculpture; ~isto sculptor
slav/o Slav
sled/o sled
slovak/o Slovak (person); ~ujo Slovakia
sloven/o Slovene (person); ~ujo Slovenia
sobr/a sober, temperate
soci/o society, community; ~a social
social/a social, welfare; ~ismo socialism; ~isto socialist
societ/o society (association)
sof/o sofa
soif/i be thirsty; ~a thirsty; ~o thirst
soj/o soy sauce; ~fabo soybean; ~kazeo tofu
sojl/o threshold; sill
sol/a lone; alone; sole; ~e solely, only; ~eca lonely, lonesome
soldat/o soldier
solen/a solemn; ~i celebrate
solid/o solid
solv/i dissolve; resolve; solve; ~o solution
somer/o summer
son/i [intr] sound; ~o sound
sonĝ/o, ~i dream (in sleep)
sonor/i [intr] ring (sound); ~ilo bell
sopir/i long for, yearn
sorb/i absorb
sorĉ/i bewitch, conjure
sort/o destiny, fate, lot
sovaĝ/a wild, savage; ~ulo a savage
sovet/o, ~a Soviet
Sovetuni/o Soviet Union
spac/o space; room
spec/o kind, sort, type, variety
special/a special; ~e especially
specimen/o sample, specimen
spegul/o, ~i mirror
spekt/i watch (as viewer or spectator)
spektakl/o spectacle
spert/a, ~ulo expert; ~i experience
spez/o expense; en~i earn (money); el~i spend
spic/o, ~i spice
spik/o ear (of corn)
spin/o backbone, spine
spinac/o spinach
spir/i breathe; ~o breath
spirit/o spirit
spit/e despite; ~i defy, brave
split/o, ~i splinter
spong/o sponge
sporad/a sporadic
sport/o sport; ~isto sportsman
sprit/o, ~ulo wit; ~a witty
spur/o trace, trail; ~i trace, follow a trail
staci/o station; ~domo train station (building)
stadi/o stage (of development)
stadion/o stadium
stal/o stall; shed; stable
stamp/i stamp (make a mark); ~ilo stamp (tool)
standard/o banner, flag
stang/o rod, pole
star/i stand; ~igi establish, set up; ~iĝi, ek~i [intr] stand up
stat/o condition (state)
statu/o statue
statur/o stature
stel/o star
sterk/o dung, manure
stern/i [tr] spread, lay out
stevard/o steward (ship, etc.)
stil/o style
stimul/o stimulus
stomak/o stomach
strand/o beach
strang/a odd, strange, peculiar
strat/o street
streb/i strive
streĉ/i [tr] stretch, tighten; wind up (watch, etc.)
strek/o line (mark)
stri/o strip, band, stripe
strig/o owl
strik/o, ~i strike (of workers)
struktur/o structure
strut/o ostrich
stud/i study; ~anto student
student/o student (at university)
stuf/i, ~aĵo stew
stult/a stupid; ~ulo fool
stump/o stub; stump
sub (prep.) under, beneath; ~iĝi set (sun); ~ulo subject; subordinate; ~skribi sign; ~streki underline, emphasize; ~aŭskulti eavesdrop; ~mar’ŝipo submarine
subit/a sudden
subjekt/o subject
substantiv/o noun
subtil/a subtile
subtrah/i subtract
subvenci/i subsidize
suĉ/i suck
sud/o, ~a south
Sudafrik/o South Africa
Sudan/o Sudan
sufer/i suffer
sufiĉ/a sufficient, enough; ~i be enough, suffice
sufok/i [tr] choke; suffocate
sugest/i suggest
suk/o juice
sukces/i succeed, manage (to do something); ~o success
suker/o sugar
sulk/o wrinkle; furrow
sum/o sum (of money; total); ~igi add (arithmetic)
sun/o sun
sup/o soup
super (prep.) over; above; ~a superior; ~i exceed; ~signo accent, diacritic
suplement/o supplement
supoz/i suppose; presume
supr/e above; on top; ~aĵo surface; ~en upwards; upstairs; ~o top, summit
sur (prep.) on, upon; ~ la strato in the street; ~meti put on (clothes); ~voje en route, on the way; ~ter’iĝi land
surd/a deaf
surfac/o surface (geometrical)
surpriz/i, ~o surprise
suspekt/i suspect; ~o suspicion
susur/i, ~o rustle
sved/o Swede (person); ~ujo Sweden
svelt/a slim
sven/i faint
sving/i [tr] wave (move); brandish
svis/o Swiss (person); ~ujo, ~lando Switzerland

Ŝ

ŝaf/o sheep; ~aro flock of sheep; ~ido lamb
ŝajn/i seem, appear; ~e apparently; ver~e probably; ~igi pretend
ŝak/o chess
ŝakal/o jackal
ŝalt/i switch (on); mal~i switch off; ~ilo switch
ŝanc/o chance (of success)
ŝancel/i [tr] shake, make unstable; ~iĝi totter; waver
ŝanĝ/i [tr] change
ŝarg/i, ~o load (camera, gun, etc.); charge (battery)
ŝarĝ/i, ~o burden, load; ~aŭto truck
ŝat/i like; prize, think well of; ~okupo hobby
ŝaŭm/o, ~i [intr] foam
ŝejk/o sheikh
ŝel/o peel; bark; shell; sen~igi peel
ŝerc/i, ~o joke
ŝi she; ~a her(s)
ŝik/a chic, elegant
ŝild/o shield
ŝink/o ham
ŝip/o ship, vessel
ŝir/i [tr] rip, tear
ŝirm/i [tr] shelter, screen
ŝlos/i lock; ~ilo key
ŝmink/o, ~i make-up
ŝmir/i smear, spread (butter, etc.); bribe
ŝnur/o cord, rope, line
ŝofor/o driver, chauffeur
ŝok/i shock
ŝose/o highway, roadway
ŝov/i shove
ŝovel/i, ~ilo shovel
ŝpar/i save (economize)
ŝpin/i spin (make thread)
ŝpruc/i spurt out
ŝrank/o cupboard
ŝraŭb/o screw; ~ilo screwdriver
ŝtal/o steel
ŝtat/o state (nation); ~ano citizen
ŝtel/i steal; ~isto thief
ŝtip/o log (wood)
ŝtof/o material (textile)
ŝton/o stone
ŝtop/i stop up, plug; clog; ~ilo plug; ~il’ingo socket; outlet
ŝtrump/o stocking; ~eto sock; ~kalsono tights
ŝtup/o stair; ~aro staircase; ~et’aro ladder
ŝu/o shoe
ŝuld/i owe; ~o debt
ŝultr/o shoulder
ŝvel/i swell
ŝvit/i, ~o sweat

T

tabak/o tobacco
tabel/o table (list)
tabl/o table (furniture)
tabul/o board (blackboard, etc.); plank
tag/o day; ~libro diary, journal; ~manĝo lunch; ~mezo noon; ~ordo agenda (daily schedule)
tajl/i cut (cloth, diamond)
Tajland/o Thailand
tajlor/o tailor
tajp/i type (with computer)
Tajvan/o Taiwan
taks/i estimate
taksi/o taxi
takt/o tact
talent/o talent; ~a gifted, talented
tali/o waist(line)
tamen however; nevertheless
Tamiz/o Thames
Tanzani/o Tanzania
tapet/o tapestry; wallpaper
tapiŝ/o carpet
tarif/o tariff
tas/o cup
task/o task
taŭg/i be fit (for), be of use, serve; ~a adequate, fit (suitable)
te/o tea
team/o team
teatr/o theater; ~aĵo play (performance)
ted/i bore (tire)
tegment/o roof
tegol/o tile (for roof)
teĥnik/o technique
teĥnologi/o technology
teknik/o technique
teknologi/o technology
teks/i weave; ~aĵo textile
tekst/o text; ~i [intr] read, say, be written
tele tele-; ~vidi watch television; ~vido television; ~vid’ilo television set
telefon/o, ~i telephone
teler/o plate (for food)
teg/i cover, protect; coat
tem/o theme, topic
temp/o time; tense; sam~e simultaneously
temperatur/o temperature
tempest/o tempest
tend/o tent; ~aro, ~umi camp
tendenc/o tendency
tener/a tender(-hearted)
ten/i hold, grasp; keep, maintain; have; ~ilo handle; re~i retain; en~i contain
tenis/o tennis
tent/i tempt
teori/o theory; ~a theoretical
ter/o earth; land; ground; ~pomo potato
teras/o terrace
teren/o grounds (area), terrain
teritori/o territory
termometr/o thermometer
tern/i, ~o sneeze
teror/o terror (political); ~ismo terrorism; ~isto terrorist
terur/o terror; ~a terrible; ~i terrify
testud/o tortoise
tia such
tial therefore
tiam then (at that time)
tie there
tiel so, thus; tiel … kiel … as … as …
tig/o stem (stalk)
tigr/o tiger
tikl/i tickle
tim/i, ~o fear; ~a afraid; ~ema timid; ~igi frighten
tin-tin (onomatopoeia)
tinktur/o dye
tint/i clink, tinkle
tio that (thing)
tiom that much, so much
tip/o model, type (exemplar); ~a typical; ~aro typeface
tir/i draw (pull); ~kesto drawer; el~aĵo excerpt
titol/o title, heading
tiu that (one/person)
tol/o cloth (material)
toler/i tolerate
tomat/o tomato
tomb/o grave, tomb
ton/o tone (note)
tond/i cut (with scissors); ~ilo scissors
tondr/o thunder
torĉ/o torch
tord/i twist
torent/o torrent
tort/o pie, tart
tost/o, ~i toast (drink)
tra (prep.) through; ~nokti spend the night; ~vivi experience
tradici/o tradition; ~a traditional
traduk/i translate
traf/i hit (not miss); catch (a bus, etc.); ~a striking, to the point
trafik/o traffic
tragedi/o tragedy
trajn/o train (vehicle)
trajt/o feature, trait
trakt/i treat (deal with)
traktat/o treaty
traktor/o tractor
tram/o tram, streetcar
tranĉ/i cut (with a knife, etc.); ~aĵo slice; ~ilo knife
trankvil/a calm, tranquil
trans (prep.) across; ~doni hand over; ~formi transform; ~igi transfer; ~iri cross (go across)
tre very; ~ege extremely
trejn/i coach (to train)
trem/i tremble
tremp/i dip; immerse
tren/i drag, tow
tri three; ~angulo triangle
trib/o tribe
trik/i knit; ~ilo knitting needle
trink/i, ~o, ~aĵo drink; ~ejo bar (pub); ~mono tip (gratuity)
tritik/o wheat
tro too (much); ~igi exaggerate; ~uzi overuse; tro da salo too too much salt
tromp/i cheat, deceive
trotuar/o sidewalk
trov/i find; ~iĝi be (in a place)
tru/o hole
trud/i impose
trumpet/o trumpet
trunk/o trunk (body, tree)
trup/o troop
TTT (Tut-Tera Teksaĵo) WWW
tub/o pipe, tube
tuber/o bump, lump, snag; tuber
tuf/o tuft, wisp
tuj immediately; ~a immediate; tuj kiam as soon as
tuk/o piece of cloth; buŝ~o napkin; lit~o (bed)sheet; ban~o bath towel
tun/o ton
tunel/o tunnel
tur/o tower
turism/o tourism
turist/o tourist
turk/o Turk (person); ~ujo Turkey
turment/i, ~o torment, torture
turn/i [tr] turn; ~o revolution (on an axis)
tus/i, ~o cough
tuŝ/i touch; affect; concern
tut/a entire, whole; ~e completely; ~e ne not at all; ~monda worldwide

U

uj (suffix den. container or country); ~o container; mon~o purse, wallet; Franc~o France
ukrain/o Ukrainian (person); ~ujo Ukraine
ung/o claw; nail (finger, toe)
uniform/o uniform
unik/a unique
univers/o universe
universal/a universal; worldwide
universitat/o university, college
unu one (number); ~anima unanimous; ~iĝi unite; ~opa single; ~foje once (not twice)
urb/o city, town; ~a municipal, urban; ~estro mayor
urĝ/a urgent
urs/o bear (animal)
Urugvaj/o Uruguay
Uson/o America (USA)
util/a useful
uz/i, ~o use

V

vad/i wade
vag/i roam; wander
vagon/o carriage (of train); ~aro train
vakcin/o vaccine
val/o valley
valid/a valid
valiz/o suitcase
valor/o value; ~a valuable; ~i be worth
van/a vain (futile)
vang/o cheek
vant/a frivolous; vain, conceited
vapor/o steam
var/o commodity; ~oj wares, merchandise
vari/i [intr] vary; ~o variety
variete/o variety (theat.)
varm/a hot; warm; mal~ cold; ~o warmth; ~igi heat
Varsovi/o Warsaw
vart/i nurse (of children), look after; ~isto daycare provider; babysitter
vast/a vast, spacious
vat/o wadding
vaz/o vase
ve! woe!; ho, ve! alas!, oy vey!
vegan/o, ~a vegan
vegetal/o vegetable (plant)
vegetar/a, ~ano vegetarian
vejn/o vein
vek/i [tr] wake, rouse; ~ilo, ~horloĝo alarm clock
vel/o, ~(ad)i sail; ~ŝipo sailing ship/boat
velk/i [intr] fade, wither
velur/o velvet
ven/i come; kun~ meet
vend/i [tr] sell; ~ejo store, shop
vendred/o Friday
venen/o poison
Venezuel/o Venezuela
venĝ/i avenge; ~o revenge
venk/i beat (defeat); conquer; ~o victory
vent/o wind; ~ego gale; ~umi, ~umilo fan
ventr/o belly
ver/a true; mal~a false; ~e truly; ~dire in truth, to tell the truth
verb/o verb
verd/a green
verdikt/o verdict; ~i reach a verdict, rule
verg/o wand
verk/i write, compose (a written work); ~o a work (of author); ~isto writer
verm/o worm
vers/o verse
verŝ/i pour
vert/o crown (top of head)
vertic/o vertex
vertikal/a vertical
veruk/o wart
vesper/o evening; ~manĝi eat dinner; bonan ~on! good evening!
vesp/o wasp
vest/o clothing, garment; ~i [tr] clothe, dress; ~aĵo item of clothing
vestibl/o vestibule
vet/i, ~o bet, wager; ~kuri race
veter/o weather
vetur/i, ~o go (by vehicle); ~ilo vehicle; ~igi drive
vezik/o bladder; bubble; ~eto blister
vi (pron.) you; ~a your
viand/o meat
vibr/i vibrate
vic/o row, line; turn (to play); ~igi rank (in order); ~prezid’anto vice-president
vid/i see; ~aĵo a view; ~ebla visible; ~inda worth seeing; antaŭ~i expect
vide/o video
vidv/o widower; ~ino widow
vigl/a lively, alert, wide-awake
viktim/o victim
vilaĝ/o village
vin/o wine; ~bero grape
vinagr/o vinegar
vintr/o winter; tra~i overwinter
viol/o violet (plant); ~(kolor)a violet (color)
violon/o violin
vip/o whip
vir (prefix for male); ~bovo bull; ~kato tomcat
vir/o man (as opposed to woman or child); ~ino woman
virg/a, ~ulo virgin
virt/o virtue
viski/o whisky
viŝ/i wipe; ~tuko duster; dish-cloth
vit/o vine
vitr/o glass (material)
viv/i be alive; ~anta alive; ~o life
vizaĝ/o face
vizit/i visit; ~anto visitor
vjetnam/o Vietnamese (person); ~ujo Vietnam
voĉ/o voice; ~don-i, -o vote (informal)
vodk/o vodka
voj/o road, route, way; ~eto path; ~erari lose one’s way
vojaĝ/i travel; ~o journey, voyage
vok/i, ~o call
vokal/o vowel
vol/i want, desire; ~o will; laŭ~e as desired; ne~a involuntary
Volapuk/o Volapük (language); jibberish
volont/e willingly, gladly; ~ulo volunteer
volum/o volume (book)
volumen/o volume (size)
volv/i wind (wrap)
vom/i vomit, throw up
vort/o word; ~aro dictionary
vost/o tail
vual/o veil
vulkan/o volcano
vulp/o fox
vultur/o vulture
vund/i, ~o wound

Z

zon/o belt; zone
zoologi/o zoology
zorg/i be concerned about; worry; ~e carefully; pri~i take care of; ~anto guardian
zum/i, ~o buzz, hum