Personaj nomoj (given names) en Esperanto

In class we talked about the dilemma of representing given names in Esperanto. Being nouns, names should ideally end in -o in order to be pronouncable when the grammatical ending -n is needed. But sometimes a final -o is undesirable, especially in cultures that reserve that sound for male names. Thus it’s common to see female names in Esperanto ending in -a: Silvja, Maria, Klara, etc.

In general, there are three methods used when converting names for use in Esperanto. We’ll use the English name Charles as an example:

  1. “Translation” to an established Esperanto equivalent: Karlo
  2. Transliteration of the name’s pronunciation using Esperanto’s orthography: Ĉarlz
  3. No change. The name is simply spelled in the native alphabet, with the possible addition of pronunciation hints in brackets: Charles [ĉarlz].

The last two methods can be awkward in speech and writing if the result doesn’t end in -o (or at least a vowel). In that case grammatical endings are added when needed, using a dash in written form: “Charles vidis min, kaj mi vidis Charles-on.”

So what should you use for your name? That’s up to you. Some people take the opportunity to adopt a new name, specifically for use in Esperanto. Hey, who hasn’t always longed for a secret identity? :-)

Here are a few possibilities for students in the Spring 2010 class:

  • Andrea [andrea] → Andrea
  • Ashish [aŝiŝ] → Aŝiŝ, Aŝiŝo
  • Christine [kristin] → Kristina
  • Edwin [edŭen] → Edveno
  • Glenn [glen] → Gleno
  • Kaitlyn [kejtln] → Katalina, Katlina
  • Laura [lora] → Lora, Laŭra
  • Tim [tim] → Timoteo
  • Tory [tori] → Tori
  • Xiao [ŝaŭ] → Ŝaŭo

To give you an idea of some of the many options, here’s a sampling of historical and literary names in Esperanto from mostly European sources—some common, some exotic:

Female names (many can have either -a or -o endings):
Ada, Adelo, Adriana, Agato, Alberta, Aleksandra, Alico, Amelio, Anabelo, Andrea, Anita, Anjo, Anĝela, Aprilo, Ariana, Aŭdreo, Barb(a)ra, Beatrico, Belindo, Berta, Brigito, Cecilio, Celestina, Cintio, Ĉarloto, Dafneo, Daniela, Debora, Diana, Dora, Doriso, Doroteo, Edito, Eleonoro, Eliza, Elizabeto, Elvira, Elza, Emilia, Emma, Erika, Etelo, Eva, Fatima, Filiso, Flor(enc)o, Franciska, Freja, Frida, Gabriela, Gerda, Gertrudo, Greta, Gvendolino, Ĝojo, Halina, Hedvigo, Heleno, Heloiza, Henrieto, Hermiono, Hiacinto, Hilda, Ida, Ilona, Ina, Irina, Iriso, Izabela, Jakelino, Jasmeno, Jocelino, Johana, Jolanda, Judita, Julia, Junio, Karena, Karla, Karmeno, Katia, Katlino, Katrina, Klara, Kleopatra, Konstancia, Kordelio, Kristina, Larisa, Laŭra, Lea, Lidia, Liza, Lucia, Lucilo, Luiza, Magda, Majo, Margareto, Maria, Marlena, Marta, Matilda, Miĥaela, Mira, Mirando, Mona, Monika, Moniko, Nadja, Nastazja, Nataŝa, Nikola, Nina, Nora, Oksana, Olga, Olivo, Pamela, Paŭla, Penelopeo, Petra, Raĥelo, Rebeka, Renata, Rita, Roksana, Roz(ali)o, Roza, Sabina, Sandra, Sara, Sibilo, Sofia, Sonja, Stefanio, Suzana, Talia, Tamara, Tanja, Tatjana, Terezo, Tina, Ulrika, Ursulo, Valerio, Vanesa, Ver(onik)o, Viktoria, Vilma, Viol(et)o, Virginio
Male names:
Arono, Adamo, Alano, Alberto, Aleks(andr)o, Alfredo, Andreo, Anton(i)o, Arnoldo, Arturo, Aŭgusto, Benedikto, Benjameno, Bernardo, Bertrando, Boriso, Bruno, Cecilo, Cezaro, Cirilo, Danielo, Davido, Denizo, Dimitro, Djego, Dominiko, Donaldo, Duglaso, Edgaro, Edmundo, Edvardo, Edveno, Eriko, Ernesto, Eŭgeno, Felikso, Filipo, Francisko, Franko, Frederiko, Gabrielo, Gastono, Georgo, Gilberto, Gregoro, Gustavo, Ĝeraldo, Ĝermano, Ĝilo, Haroldo, Hektoro, Henriko, Herberto, Horacio, Hu(m)berto, Hugo, Ivano, Ivo, Jakobo, Jano, Jeremio, Johano, Josuo, Jozefo, Julio, Justeno, Kar(o)lo, Kazimiro, Keneto, Klarenco, Knuto, Konrado, Kristoforo, Ladislao, Laŭr(enc)o, Leonardo, Leopoldo, Luko, Makso, Manuelo, Marcelo, Mario, Marko, Marteno, Mateo, Miĥaelo, Natano, Nestoro, Nikolao, Norman(d)o, Olivero, Omaro, Oskaro, Osvaldo, Patriko, Paŭlo, Percevalo, Petro, Rafaelo, Ralfo, Raulo, Rikardo, Roberto, Rolando, Rolfo, Ronaldo, Roĝero, Rudolfo, Samuelo, Serĝo, Sidneo, Silvestro, Sim(e)ono, Stefano, Tadeo, Teodoro, Tiberio, Timoteo, Tomaso, Ulriko, Umberto, Vaclavo, Valtero, Viktoro, Vilhelmo, Vladimiro, Volfgango, Zaĥario