Notoj kaj hejmtaskoj por la 13-a de Novembro

This week we began the fourth episode of Pasporto, which introduces the all-important accusative ending -n and a number of important affixes (see the handouts).

La espero

Do you remember how Georgo breaks into (drunken) song right before passing out at the end of part 3? Those lyrics he’s singing aren’t random; they’re actually part of La espero, an idealistic poem written by Zamenhof in the 19th century. The words were set to music in 1909 and the result became an unofficial “anthem” for the community of early speakers.


Video: kvara leciono


  1. Watch part four of Pasporto. Listen for the -n, which now appears everywhere. Each lesson contains a few grammatical elements (affixes, use of grammatical endings, etc.) that aren’t explained in the notes. See if you can spot some of these, and ask about them in class next time.
  2. Read the grammar handout and solve the practice problems.