Notoj kaj hejmtaskoj por la 13-a de Decembro



En tiu ĉi fina leciono de la semestro ni parolis pri korespond-amikoj. Ĉu vi jam skribis vian leteron? Se jes, nun serĉu korespondamikojn! Ekzistas kelkaj korespond-servoj, kie vi trovos adresojn de homoj en aliaj landoj:


Sendu vian leteron al tri korespondamikoj… aŭ al pli multe, se vi volas!

Pasporto al la Tuta Mondo

Ĉu vi volas scii, kio okazos al Karlo, Helena, Ruselo, la detektivo, Jolanda, la ŝafo, kaj aliaj? En la kurso ni vidis la unuan ĝis la sesan lecionon, sed restas naŭ lecionoj pli! Ĉiuj estas videblaj en Youtube.

Feliĉajn festotagojn!

Notoj kaj hejmtaskoj por la 27-a de Novembro

Feliĉe, la kvina leciono de Pasporto ne prezentas multan novan informon. Ĝi uzas ĉefe (“primarily; mostly”) tion, kion ni lernis antaŭe (“before”).

In lesson 6 we meet new correlatives starting with neni- and i-, and we learn how to use the infinitive ending -i.


Video: kvina leciono

Video: sesa leciono


  1. Spektu (“watch”) la kvinan kaj sesan lecionojn de Pasporto, kaj legu la dialogojn. Espereble vi komprenos ĉion en la kvina leciono. Se ne, faru demandojn!
  2. Read carefully over the grammar handout and start the practice problems. For next week, do Praktikoj 5.5 - 5.7.

Notoj kaj hejmtaskoj por la 13-a de Novembro

This week we began the fourth episode of Pasporto, which introduces the all-important accusative ending -n and a number of important affixes (see the handouts).

La espero

Do you remember how Georgo breaks into (drunken) song right before passing out at the end of part 3? Those lyrics he’s singing aren’t random; they’re actually part of La espero, an idealistic poem written by Zamenhof in the 19th century. The words were set to music in 1909 and the result became an unofficial “anthem” for the community of early speakers.


Video: kvara leciono


  1. Watch part four of Pasporto. Listen for the -n, which now appears everywhere. Each lesson contains a few grammatical elements (affixes, use of grammatical endings, etc.) that aren’t explained in the notes. See if you can spot some of these, and ask about them in class next time.
  2. Read the grammar handout and solve the practice problems.

Notoj kaj hejmtaskoj por la 30-a de Oktobro

This week we finished watching the third episode of Pasporto and practiced the prepositions en, apud, antaŭ, malantaŭ, inter, sub, sur kaj super.

We also talked about the long tradition of Esperanto-kongresoj: (conventions, get-togethers, courses, etc.) that Esperantists flock to each year by the thousands. Kongresoj are great opportunities to travel, learn about other cultures, and make friends from all over the world. Many of the events are youth-oriented, like IJK (Internacia Junulara Kongreso) JES (Junulara Esperanto-Semajno), and IJS (Internacia Junulara Semajno).

Rowland Goodbody is an Esperanto speaker from Britain who documented his adventures at this years’ SES and IJS on YouTube.


Video: tria leciono


  1. Rewatch the lesson from Pasporto, using the dialog (in the PDF file above) as a guide. Certainly some of the vocabulary will be new, but if you listen/read closely, you’ll also notice a few grammatical elements (e.g. suffixes, word endings) that we haven’t covered so far. See if you can spot a couple of these; write them down and ask about them in class next time.
  2. Solve the practice problems in the PDF file above. The translation exercise may be challenging; if you get confused, please ask questions!
  3. If you’re interested in using Esperanto for travel, follow the link to Rowland’s Youtube video. It has English subtitles that should load automatically.

Class notes and homework, Oct 23

This week we wrapped up the grammar from the second episode of Pasporto and spent time reviewing/translating selected phrases.

This week’s grammar handout has some elements from the third episode as well.


Video: tria parto


  1. There are no homework or practice problems this week. If you haven’t done the homework so far, use this as your chance to catch up!
  2. Watch the first part of episode 3 (up to about the 10 minute mark, when Georgo drops Flora’s vase). You’ll encounter things you haven’t heard before. Use this as an opportunity to search for new words in your dictionary and record new entries in your journal.

Class notes and homework, Oct 16

We watched the second episode of Pasporto al la tuta mondo, which introduces a lot of new grammar and vocabulary. This week we focused on the first part, which deals with numbers and telling time; next week we’ll revisit the rest of the episode.


Video: dua parto


  1. Carefully read over the grammar handout and then try the practice problems.
  2. Now re-watch the video and see if you can keep up with the numbers flying about when characters ask “Kioma horo estas?” and when Georgo and Flora talk about all the expensive fakturoj she has to pay. Use the printed dialogue as a guide.
  3. While watching, you’ll encounter a number of expressions and grammatical structures we haven’t talked about yet (or that we’ve only touched upon briefly in class). These might be good topics for mentioning in your Esperanto journal — or to ask me about, in class or via email.
  4. Send your answers to the practice problems to esperanto at If you send them early enough, I’ll try to get the answers back to you before class.

Class notes and homework, Oct 2

This week we watched the first episode of the videocourse/soap-opera/telenovela Pasporto al la tuta mondo, where we met the members of la familio Bonvolo.




  1. Carefully read over the grammar handout and then try practice problems 1.1 and 1.2.
  2. Now re-watch the video. (You can skip over the introduction and commentary at the end: the action begins at about 2:46.) Try to follow everything said; you don’t need to memorize all the vocabulary, but pause the video as necessary and check the dialogue and vocabulary list if you’re confused by anything.
  3. Solve the rest of the practice problems and send your answers to esperanto at; If you send them early enough, I’ll be able get the corrections back to you before our next class. Speaking of next class: due to the upcoming fall break we won’t meet again until the 16th… but please don’t wait until then to do the homework!

Class notes and homework, Sep 25

In the first class we talked mainly about Esperanto as a historical/social phenomenon, with only a little language instruction. Next week we’ll dive into the language itself.



  1. Read the class handouts. Don’t worry about the dictionary; it’s just there as an example. You don’t have to memorize it. :-)
  2. Sign up for a free account at Lernu!, a site with lots of great resources for Esperanto students. Spend a few minutes exploring the site. You’ll find courses, reading materials, forums, chat rooms, and more.
  3. Practice pronouncing the parts of the alphabet that are new to you. Read over the handout from class, and check out this interactive page at Lernu.
  4. Start an Esperanto journal: set aside part of a notebook where you can record new things you learn — and questions you have — as we progress through the course. Add a new entry every day with the new words you’ve learned, new grammar structures, etc.